Is it their country of origin? Is it their religion? Or is it their skin colour, meaning that one is basically African or African American when they are black or Hispanic when they are white? It is also important to ask yourself whether a non-Spanish or non-English speaking person of one of the Mexico’s Indian communities automatically can be Hispanic or are citizens of Portugal and Spain automatically Brazilian Hispanics (ONeil 2006, p. 1). The right answers to these inquiries are perhaps not fully vivid to most people today. Furthermore, these answers most probably differ depending on different regions of the world. The manners in which people acquire their own group identities are overly multifaceted. Likewise, the manner in which society assigns group identities is not, at all times, straightforward (Cornell & Hartmann 2006, p. 21). In today’s world, ethnicity and race are not obviously rooted in criteria which everybody comprehends, concurs with, and can simply use. Therefore, someone else might label you in a manner which you deem inaccurate or, at times, very offensive, which forms a barrier to open communication even if it was not intended (Cornell & Hartmann 2006, p. 21).
To understand the human diversity of any nation, it is significant to first comprehend the principles normally utilised for making group distinctions. These are mainly rooted on biological and/or cultural factors (Hughes 2003, p. 15). People tend to view each others in terms of economic class, age, gender, religion, ethnicity and race. Each one of use is basically an affiliate of a particular group in other of these criteria and their significance varies when it comes to social situations. For instance, today, race and ethnicity often have the most far reaching effect on us as human beings (Brubaker 2009, p. 21). This paper will define race and ethnicity and discuss their differences. The objective of this article is to help the reader neutrally analyse the