Archer et al (2000) research is a part of a study of the urban young individuals in the social class of working class. The research considers the modalities of investments of individuals of a social group in not only style but also identity which in turn shape their perception of not valuing university education. Moreover, they do not consider themselves as university materials.
The case study seeks to examine the aspirations and identities of young persons in London schools. These young persons have been identified as having the higher chances of not continuing their education beyond the age of 16 or drooping out of school (education). The identity the young in the urban working class take and act out is based on the knowledge that peers in the middle class look down on them. This is in reference to the society at large, as well as, the systems of the schools. Archer et al (2007) argue the youth in the urban working class active negotiation is based on the position of being disadvantaged socially in reference to certain style such as tem claiming to be Nike persons. The adoption of this style has reinforced the reality that they are not only marginalized but also disadvantaged in terms of their social status. Consequently, they end up in conflict with both the system of the school and the teachers, as well. Their view and perception that they are not university material minimizes their chances of success in education. Archer et al (2007) explain that researchers have found out that the style of the urban youths in the working class tends to differ from the middle class. This is one of the factors that contribute to inequalities in education.
The research was carried out in six schools that were spread across London. Two of the schools were from the West, two from the North, and the other two from East and Central London. The selection of pupils was diverse and was based on data concerning their achievements in