Today, there are several firms engaged in the business. The three largest firms are CCA, Cornell Corrections, Inc., and Wackenhut Corrections Corporation.
Private prison firms have capitalized on mass incarceration. They are using shrewd tactics like extensive lobbying, control of information, financial rewards, and lavish campaign contributions to acquire more government contracts. The aim of private prisons firms is not to assists the government to minimize the cost of managing US prison system while still ensuring that they serve their purposes.
Just like any for-profit business, private prison firms focus on maximizing their profits. They thus reduced the budget of essential services like the cost of food, clothing, security, staff costs, and medical care. The reduction of cost has affected the inmates and the public negatively. In most privately operated prisons, inmates are not receiving enough service that can assist them change their behaviors as firms operating them are trying to reduce management cost in order to increase their profits (Barak-Erez 32).
For instance, reduction of the medication cost has cause serious problems in health care in prisons. Many prisons are less likely to meet all the medical requirements of prisoners as their budget do not allow them. For example, Idaho State Correctional Center (ISCC), which is run by CCA, has been blamed severally for violation of inmates’ rights. Inmates at the center have difficulty accessing medical care. There are several claims that the prison neglect patients even when they require medical treatment urgently. In one case, a mentally sick prisoner who had scored high on an assessment of suicide risk committed suicide after he was left without medical assistance (Carissa).
In addition to medical problems, the center is also blamed for increased violence. In spite of