The process of forming this Act dates back to the 2008 presidential nominations, when Obama was nominated, he promised a comprehensive plan that would cover approximately 45 million American citizens who did not have health insurance cover at some points in every year. Obama promised to put health care as one of his four priorities if he won the elections. After he won, the president formed a joint session of the congress with an aim of constructing a detailed plan for health care reform. Several bills were agreed upon by the committees in the House of Representatives. A group that comprised democrats like Kent Conrad, Max Baucus, and Jeff Bingaman, and Republicans Olympia Snowe, Chuck Grassley and Mike Enzi met for more than 60 hours and most of the principles that were discussed in that meeting formed the foundation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care (Sorrell, 2012).
The Act was anticipated to decrease the number of those citizens who were not insured by half and increase the number of those who were insured to about 94% of the total population. The major aim of the Act was to attain a universal coverage through sharing responsibilities among government employers, and individuals. Secondly, the Act aimed to improve fairness, affordability, and the quality of health insurance coverage. The Act also aimed toward improving the value of health-care, and efficiency while bringing a reduction in wasteful expenditure, making the system of health-care accountable to various populations. The act also would strengthen primary health-care and bring about long-term transformation in the availability of preventive health care. Lastly, the Act aimed to make tactical investments in the public health, by expanding clinical preventive care (Rosenbaum, 2011).
The Act strengthens the insurance coverage systems while it focusing on building an affordable insurance market for all citizens who cannot afford to take