nationalism have coincided with aspects such as modernization, democratization, globalization and Europeanisation (Keyman & Kanci 2011, p.318-336; Kaliber 2013, p.52-73). This paper will discuss the issue of identity in Turkey, with an emphasis on how the minority groups’ human rights are violated.
There have been frequent cases of war on terror in Turkey. In a report submitted during the Second International Conference of the EU Turkey Civic Commission, there was an amendment providing for life imprisonment for sympathisers and supporters of terrorists. However, the amendment of the Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA), seemed to be abused by the Government. This resulted in a lot of disappearances, arrests without trials, and cases of torture have also been witnessed. There are allegations that a six-year-old girl was once held in prison under the same Terrorism Act (Great Britain 2006, p.102; Human rights watch 2015, para 1-4; Watson, Ivan, & Gul 2013, para 1-3).
Amnesty International has outlined the main issues regarding the declining human rights situation in Turkey. It seems that the judiciary has introduced new restrictions on internet freedom, a move that has curtailed the freedom of expression. Anti-terror statutes continue to be employed as a way of limiting freedom of speech. The government of Turkey has undermined the independence of the mainstream media. Most recently, the government banned the use of social media tool Twitter and YouTube (Pearce 2012, p.406-427; Eissenstat 2015, para 2).
Freedom of Assembly has also been restricted. The government has hindered peaceful demonstrations. Protests are not permitted and once spotted, the protestors are dispersed with excessive force by the police officers. Impunity is also high in Turkey. The police force has failed to conduct thorough investigations, especially on cases involving them. According to a report by Amnesty International, more than forty people were killed during protests in the Kurdish region of