However, the current conceptualization takes a multifaceted perspective to understand the interaction of the process and multiple domains such as school, family, peers, work, and dating. Notably, the effect of modernism in these institutions has equally affected adolescence during a transition period.
There is no agreement on what age the puberty stage begins in life, as the phase is culturally specific. Notably, Adolescence is a transition period to adulthood characterized by daily choices made by individuals about focusing their energies on multiple social contexts of family, school, friends, work, and romance. Although biological factors influence the transition process, sociological factors have an upper hand on the same (Mortimer & Larson, 2002). Notably, social values constructed for a particular gender within a community determine the roles that an individual acquires as they develop into young adults ready to start a family. In the 19th century, male youths participated in various productive activities, such as farming, as the prepared to take fatherly roles. On the other hand, young women assumed domestic chores in the preparation for their motherly roles.
However, these trends have changed based on the level of development in the labour and education sector. In the modern time, youth experience adolescence while in their late high school years and early college education (Mortimer & Larson, 2002). Therefore, the experience of the modern youth is different from the previous periods. In the contemporary society, youth cultures mark the puberty period. Notably, entertainment and leisure activities characterize this culture. Teenagers are experiencing the revolution in the transition period initiated by technological advancement as well as growth and development in the human society. Consequently, the engagement in traditional activities is rare as youth hang out in gangs to explore the modern experience in entertainment and romance (Mortimer & Larson, 2002).