alization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities 1993, every member state should take measures to ensure that persons with disabilities have equal rights for recreation and sports (Rimmer, 2008). Sports participation enables one to understand the expectations of the whole society as well as gain the physical and social skills needed to function in the community. Research indicates that sports participation of children with special needs decreases as one age (Rimmer, 2008).
Persons with special needs participation in physical education and sports, they become adapted to their levels of bodily conditions. This ensures they benefit fully and attain physical fitness. It further helps them enhance their cognitive, psychomotor and affective development. This helps them prepare to undertake other activities in life. Persons with a disability who participate in sports improve their strength, coordination, and flexibility. They are also less depressed; perform better in academics and have a more stable behavior and in their social relations (Smith et al., 2005).
Disability sports complexity and multi-dimensional approach have resulted in challenges and many controversies. The main challenges are mainly associated with attitudes, inclusions and integration of disabled people in sport. Similarly, accessibility has been cited as an overarching principle for the success of disability sport (Coakley, 2009). As disability sport develops, challenges such as classification system, doping ethics, and morality as well as equity issue arise and needs to be fully addressed. Other challenges arise from the leadership structures, levels of awareness, relationships, funding and technical know-how.
In many instances, sports participation has not been inclusive. Sport has remained as an area where discriminatory attitudes and practices towards persons with special needs disabilities are propagated. Even when efforts have been made to make the sport more accessible and inclusive,