According to recent estimations, the number of lesbian, gay, transgender, and bisexual young individuals is now larger than it ever was. (Barron & Stephens, 2012) However, the public non acceptance of these groups is still significant. Unfortunately, a label of being a representative of a sexual minority continues to have negative connotations, leading to aggression and violence. A 2012 survey showed that 55 percent of LGTB youth face homophobic bullying and 99 percent – offensive and derogatory language being addressed to them. (Barron & Stephens, 2012) Subsequently, a youth group can appear to be not a safe environment for these particular groups of population since inappropriate treatment or bursts of violence are predictable reactions to LGTB.
At the same time, other individuals may not express their aggression explicitly, but avoid communication with LGTB youth and deliberately exclude them from the circle of potential acquaintances. The grounds of exclusion are similar to those of direct bullying – societal norms and attitudes create environments in which LGTB cannot participate as far as the atmosphere is often harsh and unwelcoming for them. ("Gay in Britain ," )The following can touch upon exclusion from friendship groups and avoidance of communication and cooperation in after school activities, such as drama, music, sports or science classes. Obviously, this has an extremely negative outcome for both the development of self-perception, academic success, sociability, and the overall personal growth of the maturing individual.
Apart from that, even though LGTB youth is not legally denied an access to sports clubs or afterschool activities, they are usually not provided the needed conditions for participation. Firstly, as it is explained by LGTB Youth North West, a focus on highly gendered sports, such as football, and shortage of other opportunities can alienate many of the