Firstly, society and order can be used interchangeably because, both of them constitute the values, practices, beliefs and activities that a people share and thus their culture. People who interact in a particular manner is a society are considered to share a common culture. Order is that practice, values, activities that a given group of people believe in and practice making them has a common culture. This therefore implies that both have can be used interchangeably because they refer to a particular set of people (Halewood, 51).
According to Marx however, society refers to that moving balance of forces that are antithetical and are responsible for generating social change due to the tension and struggle they cause. He therefore perceives society bas a set of structurally interconnected whole. Marx additionally asserts that a society constitutes how man engages in production, feeds and their habitation. Order is defined by Marx using forces of production. By so doing, he believes that the need for producing economic goods is the basis for social order. This he explains is marked by the forces of production’s continuous change in which case is technology (Halewood, 37).
Weber defines society as a form of human interactions. Thus he relates the interaction which includes their practices and activities to construct a society. Order on the other end is explained by Weber to constitute two fundamental components. These include authority and norms. The two represent principles or rules of a social organization in which case is a society. So what is a society according to Weber? Society is thus the social organization that is regulated by norms and authority (Halewood, 31).
Comte’s theory explains society to be that interrelated whole which controls or limits human behavior. He therefore theorizes that a society is held together by spiritual ties which include language, common belief .i.e. religion. ...Show more