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Sociology-Enlightenment Age v/s Classical Age - Essay Example

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The era of going through the dead weight of tradition, blind faith and superstition, religious norms, utilitarian rule in administration and government, use of brute force, stubborn politics initiated the need to act through reasoning. However, there existed a group of classical thinkers, who thought contrary to enlightenment era. The ‘holy trinity’ of sociology-Marx, Weber and Durkheim formed part of that group. The classism philosophers conformed into a more natural order analyzing the way the society lived. Their sociological perspective was that the effects of economic conditions and divisions of labor shaped the way society operated. Their concept came during the industrial revolution era. The philosophy of the sociological pioneers the ‘holy trinity’ lived a time when capitalism was the order of the day. Capitalism purely controlled the economy, as it was the dominant force (Schmidt, 2004). The ‘holy trinities’ arguments expressed how people and society reacted to changes. The classical perspective revealed that cohesiveness in any society depended on the construction of labor mechanisms. Modernization and materialism acted as the key of their arguments. This approach does not conclude that the three had same written works. Each philosopher had his own divergent view of life and society but they converged into the same policies. These classical thinking still apply today, though the age of enlightenment changed some norms, they deeply borrows from classical conclusions. The enlightenment era influenced classism era by bringing remarkable intellectual development in the face of utilitarian approach. During the late 17th century and early 18th century, the mechanical approach towards life as seen in the classism perspective changed (Wilson, 2004). A number of long-standing life ideas, beliefs on social life experience a total over haul. For example, the enlightenment period brought the issue of civil society into the labor force. This philosophy came as non-practical to classism thinkers like Marx, Weber, and Durkheim. The enlightenment era wanted to bring rationality into how laborers faired in the hands of the industry owners. The civil society would provide space, create a chance for debate, and operate free from government control. Enlightenment era aimed at isolating industrial employers away from the employees. They wanted rationality on the way workers were treated. In the face of classical thinkers, industrial owners had powers over their employees and they determined how operations could go on. This came at a time when industry controlled the economy. The output of the labor came under great coaxing and sometimes brutality. This necessitated the philosophers in enlightenment era to find a way in the labor force. They believed that humanity and rationalism could not separate and thus the voice of those in any labor force deserved a decent approach (Morigiwa, Stolleis, M., & Halpe?rin, 2011). They detached workers from the remote control of their employers. They also put in place mechanism to advocate for human right. The enlightenment era came in the time when working dwelt on quantitative and mechanical approach. For example, one of the notable classism approaches was Fredrick Taylor’s approach of industrial work through scientific management. The result of Taylor’s approach brought continual misuse of laborers as they worked in controlled environment like machine. The light brought by Enlightenment era wanted sense. They fought for representation of the work force and more importantly, the treat of labors as normal human beings. Thinkers in the era ...Show more


Enlightenment age is formally associated with 18th century period. This enlightenment age swept the entire continent of Europe. The atmosphere of this time was the need to reshape the philosophical, political movement and cultural perspectives to include the rule of reason, in these aspects of life (Schmidt, 1996). …
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Sociology-Enlightenment Age v/s Classical Age
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