This gave rise to various interpretation of formerly established beliefs and also contributed to counter-action, often known under a broad term of fundamentalism. This paper will focus on the latter and argue that while there is no direct connection between religious fundamentalism as well as violence, the former features numerous preconditions for the occurrence of the latter, so to a certain extent these two concepts are always intertwined. In order to prove this point of view the analysis would carefully examine the idea of fundamentalism and violence separately; afterwards it will explore each of the following characteristic features of fundamentalism, suggesting that they ultimately cause violence in one form or another: the literalist approach; the desire to restore the ideal; the only source of objective truth; the impossibility of proving; rejection of diversity of opinion; the peculiarities of in group and out group relations; the call for increase of religious significance. In other words, while fundamentalism does not necessarily call for violence, many aspects of its nature result in almost inevitable emergence of violence.
While exploring the connection between religious fundamentalism and violence it may be logical to pay close attention to each of the elements in order to gain a correct understanding of these concepts. That is why it may be highly beneficial to briefly explore the phenomenon of fundamentalism first. Thus, the very term was first used with regard to a group of Christians in the United Stated of America in the beginning of the previous century (Keller, 2006, p. 443). It is suggested that at the time many Christian denominations spread their own liberal views with regard to the nature of their faith and important dogmas, often featuring Modernist influence (Kukathas, 2003, p. 153). Contrary to that in 1910 the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church was gathered and they articulated