Social media addiction was diagnosed as the major influence in children around the world. Research estimated that eighty percent of children get addicted to social media and video games every year. Addiction refers to the physical or psychological dependence to a substance, or in this case the dependence to media. Block (2008, pp. 67) argues that the most affected group of children is the teenagers. Research has been conducted to determine what makes some media networks more addictive than others and to determine if there is a correlation children's attention. Studies have revealed that there are some types of media like Face book that are more addictive than others, and that these addictions have a direct correlation to children’s attention span.
The literature review presents studies related to the research topic to generate the knowledge gap and areas that need more research. The literature review aims at providing more information on what has already been done based on social media addiction.
The contemporary digital period has brought unexpected developments in knowledge that has distorted the way lots of people retrieve and make use of information. The dependable technical developments that assist attach the world can be viewed as either valuable or disadvantageous to human relations.
The process of changing human communal communication, and the way the mind comprehends information is being conducted, by the World Wide Web. As a result, scholars plunge into the probable of social media addiction, and the social media effect on other individual action changes. Due to reviewing fundamental demographics, all along with emotional, and behavioural effects, researchers stay behind shabby on whether, social media addiction does exist. However, they are in agreement, that the new social medial period does pressure the expansion of the human being brain. A survey conducted in 2009, revealed that young people spend more of their time watching TV, sending text messages, playing video games or making social media interactions. Social video games are addictive just like gambling or alcoholism. The main aim is to look at how media is disrupting the child works, life family relations among others. It was found that there is a link between watching television or video game playing and concentration problems in less than 1,300 brood aged eight to eleven years old, based on evaluation by teachers. The research revealed that children who watched TV for more than two hours had problems in their attention span. Evidence from the research conducted on social media and video game addiction indicates that not all video games are equal and that some TV is not associated with increased concentration problems. The majority population that engages in recreation of nearly all games becomes obsessed. People who are addicted to playing games end up indulging in drinking alcohol to avoid becoming addicted or avoid a situation that they might lose their savings to playing games (Block, 2008, pp. 99). Nearly all play surrounded by good physical shape limits achievements in an individual; thus, becoming a main concern that prevents