With these deliberations, this paper will articulate on issues related to health inequalities. Specifically, the paper will be responding to the statement “addressing health inequalities requires interventions to change individual health behaviours”. Health inequality has been in existence for quite a long time across the world. Studies have indicated that these inequalities come in terms of social inequalities (Goldthorpe 2010). Poor people are more prone to diseases than rich people. Cases of illnesses are higher in poor households than in rich households. In the UK, health inequalities have been studied and well documented. Studies have indicated that there exists a difference in morbidity and mortality rates across the social spectrum (Gorsky 2008). Causes of healthcare inequalities and social determinants Health inequalities can be argued to be differences in health status or even distribution of health determinants between different social group’s spectrum (Dowler and Spencer 2007). It can also be argued to be as a result of increased differences in social inequalities that exist between those that are economically advantaged and the disadvantaged. Nonetheless, those differences should not be condemned unless their existence is proved to be avoidable or unfair. Nevertheless, it is now widely acknowledged that social inequalities are major causes of unfair health inequalities. Although some inequalities are natural biological oriented, some are manmade and can easily be controlled if not being avoided (Dowler and Spencer 2007). In England, it has been documented that people living in disadvantaged and poorest areas die at an average of seven years earlier than people living in richest areas (Gorsky 2008). Additionally, there is big a difference of average disability free expectancy between the poorest and richest areas. Another evidence of social inequality is in Scotland where men living in deprived environments die nearly on an average of eleven years earlier than men living in least deprived areas. Characterised by their geographical location and their features which among them include infrastructure of the location and the living conditions, race, and to some extent gender (Nettleton 2006). Poor people have difficulties in dealing with issues that increase the likelihood of falling ill. For example, it is apparent that poor people have difficulties getting jobs to sustain them, or even when they get one; it is not enough to sustain the family. This, therefore, has an implication that these people will have difficulties satisfying their basic needs which among them include good health (Smith 2003). Firstly, these people are unable to provide themselves with food, and if they have, the food is not a balanced diet. Some diseases are associated with poor eating habits which among them include lack of enough food and imbalanced diet. Therefore, it is apparent that the poor have higher chances of succumbing to such diseases. Additionally, Smith 2003 argued that some diseases are associated with poor living conditions, which in this case involve poor environmental conditions. Poor people leave in areas with poor sanitation and other environmentally polluted surroundings. In contrast, rich people are able to afford a balanced diet and leave in clean environments.
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This paper “Health Policies in Britain” will articulate on issues related to health inequalities. Specifically, it will be responding to the statement “addressing health inequalities requires interventions to change individual health behaviours”…
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In discussing this concept, the paper focuses on poverty and social exclusion with respect to Britain. The topic is analyzed in relation to implications for social work place with specific focus on modern social policy in Britain, frameworks, concepts, and languages of social policy and their effective applications, theoretical and ideological perspectives on social policy, and the contemporary debates on issues pertaining citizenship, oppression, inequality, and discrimination.
It is evident that most countries or nations that have constitutions did so due to the effect of special events that occurred such as independence. Britain on the other hand has never had a special event that prompts into writing the guidelines to governance.
This affected women’s lives in negative ways since they faced numerous challenges with regard to employment, health, and politics. The customs required that, upon marriage, women had to stop working if they were employed and become housekeepers. With the onset of the interwar period, which lasted from 1918 to 1939, the lives of women changed considerably as women started experiencing positive changes in their lives.
A commendable number of social policies address social inequalities among the society’s members. Such inequalities include those related to class, race and gender. Social policies, therefore, serve as collective response to discuss societal concerns. Social policy concerns emerge with changes and reforms in the society (Ken & Edwin, 2007, p.
"Following the end of World War II, Great Britain experienced a change of status from that of an exporter to an importer of immigrants as a solution to the severe labor shortage, along with the independence of many of its colonies and the desire of colonial and Commonwealth citizens to 'return to the mother country.'" (Lynch and Simon 2003 P.
As a result, Britain’s constitution borrows heavily from other organizations and bodies. Other than Common Law, Acts of Parliaments, and Equity, the European Union Law has been one of the major legal sources of Britain’s constitution. Thus, being a member of EU has enabled Britain to have a significant legal source for her constitution.
m goals of providing treatment, maintaining a healthy population as well as protecting the families against financial constraints understanding the differences between the four basic health care system models is quite essential (Health Disparities Conference & Wallace, 2008).
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