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Health Policies in Britain - Essay Example

With these deliberations, this paper will articulate on issues related to health inequalities. Specifically, the paper will be responding to the statement “addressing health inequalities requires interventions to change individual health behaviours”. Health inequality has been in existence for quite a long time across the world. Studies have indicated that these inequalities come in terms of social inequalities (Goldthorpe 2010). Poor people are more prone to diseases than rich people. Cases of illnesses are higher in poor households than in rich households. In the UK, health inequalities have been studied and well documented. Studies have indicated that there exists a difference in morbidity and mortality rates across the social spectrum (Gorsky 2008). Causes of healthcare inequalities and social determinants Health inequalities can be argued to be differences in health status or even distribution of health determinants between different social group’s spectrum (Dowler and Spencer 2007). It can also be argued to be as a result of increased differences in social inequalities that exist between those that are economically advantaged and the disadvantaged. Nonetheless, those differences should not be condemned unless their existence is proved to be avoidable or unfair. Nevertheless, it is now widely acknowledged that social inequalities are major causes of unfair health inequalities. Although some inequalities are natural biological oriented, some are manmade and can easily be controlled if not being avoided (Dowler and Spencer 2007). In England, it has been documented that people living in disadvantaged and poorest areas die at an average of seven years earlier than people living in richest areas (Gorsky 2008). Additionally, there is big a difference of average disability free expectancy between the poorest and richest areas. Another evidence of social inequality is in Scotland where men living in deprived environments die nearly on an average of eleven years earlier than men living in least deprived areas. Characterised by their geographical location and their features which among them include infrastructure of the location and the living conditions, race, and to some extent gender (Nettleton 2006). Poor people have difficulties in dealing with issues that increase the likelihood of falling ill. For example, it is apparent that poor people have difficulties getting jobs to sustain them, or even when they get one; it is not enough to sustain the family. This, therefore, has an implication that these people will have difficulties satisfying their basic needs which among them include good health (Smith 2003). Firstly, these people are unable to provide themselves with food, and if they have, the food is not a balanced diet. Some diseases are associated with poor eating habits which among them include lack of enough food and imbalanced diet. Therefore, it is apparent that the poor have higher chances of succumbing to such diseases. Additionally, Smith 2003 argued that some diseases are associated with poor living conditions, which in this case involve poor environmental conditions. Poor people leave in areas with poor sanitation and other environmentally polluted surroundings. In contrast, rich people are able to afford a balanced diet and leave in clean environments. ...Show more
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This paper “Health Policies in Britain” will articulate on issues related to health inequalities. Specifically, it will be responding to the statement “addressing health inequalities requires interventions to change individual health behaviours”…
Health Policies in Britain
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