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Theory of Strain - Essay Example

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 .According to Merton, there are certain modes of adaptation, for example, conformity, ritualism, innovation, and retreatism. Conformity involves following cultural goals using approved means. Innovation involves people adapting to behaviors like stealing, selling drugs, and crime because of a poor background with the aim of culturally approved goals like finances. Ritualism occurs when certain individuals in the society are unable to reach cultural goals and they adapt by rejecting these set societal goals. Retreatism comes in if individuals of the society fail to achieve cultural goals but instead they withdraw as a means of adapting to their current situations.Every game event must have a winner or a loser but according to the societal norms, there is no one who likes losing because a loss is associated with failure. There are certain societal norms that have been set in order to promote these game events for example in a game of racing, a prize is put for the winner, the runners-up, and the third person. No prize is given to losers. People participate in the race with the aim of getting a prize. Since the prize can only be given to one person, those who lose often feel bad and they adapt by retreatism, giving an excuse as to why they did not win. The winners innovate their ideas and become even better in case another racing event occurs. Therefore, no matter the means used by the winner to win the racing game as long as the rules of the game were followed the society appreciates the winner more than the loser.    ...Show more
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Summary

 This paper "Theory of Strain" discusses the relation between the strain theory and social programs developed to achieve winning or losing at a game event. This theory is very useful especially in relating to real life events like playing games and sports…
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