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Death Penalty - Research Paper Example

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The Roman Empire, for example, utilized crucifixion as a way of inflicting pain and death on convicted criminals and errant slaves. The crucifixion of Jesus and some of his disciples in time of the then Roman emperor, Tiberius Caesar, represented by Pontius Pilate, is enough evidence to prove that capital punishment does not have its origins in the contemporary society (Tzaferis 45). The Hammurabi code of the Babylonians existed as far back as the 18th century B.C. and it is considered as one of the earliest documented histories of the application of death penalty. The Greeks, who are cited as one of the earliest world civilizations, had their Hittite code, which had death penalty as the major punishment for most of the crimes (Bedau 28). However, it is true to say that justice systems in the contemporary society have evolved especially as a result of democracy, which has allowed world citizens to shape the administration of justice through criticism. Consequently, capital punishment has become a contentious issue as the society is divided on the basis of its suitability. This paper will hold the opinion that death penalty should be maintained as a way of punishing capital offenders. The major reason for punishing criminals is to incapacitate from committing more crimes (Cassel 42). Proponents of death penalty argue that capital punishment is the best way to achieve this goal, especially with crimes that endanger the lives of innocent citizens. Murder, for example, involves cold blooded killing of victims and it is true to say that once a life is lost, there is no way it can be replaced. However, there is no sufficient guarantee that incarceration of murderers has the capacity to incapacitate them from killing another person, whether in the prison or beyond the prison walls. It is argued that incarceration is the best way to rehabilitate criminals but no matter how logical this might sound, criminals must have an intrinsic motivation in order for them to reform. This means that there is a high possibility that letting murderers or violent rapists live is to trust them too much at the expense of innocent civilians in the society. This can only be compared to gambling, whereby the chances of losing are as high as those of winning. There is evidence of murderers who have, in the past, been jailed for life only to have their sentences cut short through parole. Most of these criminals are aware of their constitutional rights and loopholes in the legislations that determine their prosecution and subsequent incarceration. The courts have no option but to set them free depending on the arguments presented. However, this may turn out to be a major mistake after the criminals go back into the society and continue to commit the same crimes they were incarcerated for. Kenneth McDuff, for example, is an infamous murderer who had been sentenced to death as a result of killing 3 youngsters, including a girl whom he and his accomplice raped before strangling her to death. However, his punishment was reduced to life imprisonment, and, after serving for 13 years in a Texas prison, he was paroled after which his family bribed his parole officers to release him completely in 1989. In a sign of total disregard for the law and lack of compassion towards other humans, Kenneth began his killing sprees 3 days after being released. Between the time of his release and his next arrest in 1992, he had already committed 6 murders, most of which ...Show more
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Summary

Name: Lecturer: Date: Death Penalty Should Not Be Abolished Death penalty or capital punishment is the form of punishment, which involves execution of criminals who commit capital crimes. Execution is achieved through means such as electrocution, hanging, lethal injections etc…
Death Penalty
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