According to Kendall (2015), Emile Durkheim laid emphasis on the importance of religion in maintaining the society. Emile brought the idea of religion as a culture that is universal and found in all societies since it complements basic needs. Religion is also an important function of the society. Religion is what unites the society. The functionalist proposed that religion serves three purposes. It offers meaning and purpose for the human experience. Religion offers guidance for some of the occurrences in the society such as on inequality. There may be some people who may question why their situation is not as good as those of others. Religion will offer a reason for this situation. Religion also brings social cohesion and a sense of belonging through, for instance, the Holy Communion in the church. It allows followers to participate together. According to Kunin (2003), Emile also proposed that religion brings social control and support for the government. The presence of sacred symbols and views bring about a high motivation on how the general order of existence should be like. Social control and order in the society are also maintained by religion by following the laws and norms of the society. Karl Max noted that in all stratified societies, there are two social groups that emerge; the subject and ruling class. The ruling class has control and power of all capital, labor and land in the society. They are also known for their exploitation of the subject class that creates a conflict of interest between them.
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The research essay “Structural theories” will concentrate on widely used theories in sociology and link them to our experiences in the world through factors like family, culture, social class and religion and how they have shaped these factors to date…
The other concept includes the use of the scientific method to the social world, which can be regarded as objective. The premise of this theory is that the world is a system that comprises of many parts that tend to relate to one another; each part plays a crucial role for the survival of the entire system.
For Freud, each of these elements of the human psyche contained different instinctual drives that contributed to overriding human emotion and action. Freud believed that each of these psychic components work in conjunction with the others, much like a system of checks and balances.
Theories Paper [Name] [Course Title] [University] [Instructor Name] [Date] THEORIES PAPER/ 303 Implementation embodies different meanings and forms in different cultures and institutional framework. This point is of special importance in an era in which the policies and processes of “government” have inevitably converted into those of “governance”.
One such definition of crime that subsumes a wide range of theoretical perspectives could be seen from Clarke and Cornish (1985) assertion that "...crime is purposive behavior designed to meet the offender's commonplace needs for such things as money, status, sex, excitement, and that meeting these needs involves the making of decisions and choices, constrained as they are by limits of time and ability and the availability of relevant information." Thus, from this perspective, offenders are believed to make decisions that appear rational (at least to themselves) to engage in specific criminal acts.
"structures" are built, through which then meaning is produced within a particular person, system, or culture" (Wikipedia) The origin of the Structuralist movement lies in the work of Ferdinand de Saussure concerning the general linguistics, the apellation has come from the works of a French anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss.
A. Structural theories explain the societal framework and environment that affects an individual’s perceptions towards employing the methods to achieve the desired results. For example, an individual has an objective of achieving a particular social
Though, the society is bound to erode the set morals, rebellion must be suppressed through defining goals that have to be followed in the society, allowing the society members to conform to the norms
Strain theory, on the other hand, states that crime is a
Conflict theories intrinsically criticize the social system, pointing out the general contrast in ideologies. The two have different methods of explaining the stereotyping, deviance, and ethnocentrism of society.
The magnitudes of the effects of crises on the life of human beings warrants designing of intervention measures that exhibit slight differences from other counseling therapeutic interventions (Jackson-Cherry & Erford, 2014). Even though psychologists sensitive to crises