This essay describes the policies implemented in the China, concerning the conception of few children, outlines the problems are associated with the rapid population growth, and discusses the economic implications of the same.
The population changes in any country are accompanied by economic, social, and political changes. In most developing nations like China, the population growth rate is rapid which has an impact on the size and structure of the population as a whole. China has one-fifth of the global population, making it the most populated country. The optimum population in China was in the year 1960 but recently, population in China was reduced to a rate lower than one percent of the whole population.
During the last 60 years, the demographic changes in China took place and are considered historical. The reduction in the mortality rate in china in the past few years led to the increase in the population growth rate. Later the fertility rate reduced due to policies leading to a low growth in the population rate. Presently, China is in a ‘post transitional’ stage whereby the fertility rates have reduced to a rate below the levels of replacement in the economy and the aging population is estimated to be at the horizon. The aging population is unlikely able to cause economic problems, since there are many people who are job seekers. In addition, more than enough people are available to take care of the elderly people in the society.
Policy reforms in China will make the China move to a period of economic growth.
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This essay talks about the demographic transition in China, which is characterized as a replacement of large population growth with a slow growth. The transition is analyzed through the use of such statistical indicators, as mortality rate, fertility rate, population growth rate and age structure. …
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