This paper discusses and compares the two models of health with the factors such as social and economic factors being considered in human health. The Biomedical and Socio-Medical Model of Health The Social Health Model Social model of health is a hypothetical framework that considers the health and general well being of an individual or a population. This model is connected to positive meanings of health. It assumes that the health of an individual or a community is a result of compound and interacting social, economic, environmental and personal factors (Tew, 2005). This method is correct to include these factors since somebody can be exposed to a causative agent and yet emerge without any disease. This method however does not directly identify the cause of a particular illness and how it can be eradicated. Furthermore, this is only a hypothetical model therefore the arguments put forth in this model may not be applicable in the medicine field to treat diseases. The Biomedical Model The biomedical model on the other hand works on the assumption that diseases and illnesses are a result of specific malfunctions of the body of a living being. The main strength of the biomedical model is that there is enough evidence to prove its assumptions. A disease is named and a specific cause of the disease is established. Critics of the model however argue that the model relies heavily on the specific causes of diseases. Evaluation of the Two Models The Biomedical method is more practical than the social model since health and illness are just biological depictions of the state of the human body. This model is superior to the social model since it defines the cause of the disease and also outlines that a disease is just a temporary organic state, therefore it can be cured through medical intervention (Blaxter, 2004). This explains why this model is used in medical practice to identify the cause of diseases and how to cure the diseases. Even though it appears more superior to the social model, it is not wholly inclusive since the biomedical model also borrows from the social model. For instance, the environmental aspect from the social model is adopted in this model while trying to uncover the sources of illness. However, other factors from the social model are considered irrelevant during diagnostics since they may not directly explain the cause of a disease. Examples of the factors that are ignored are intelligence and level of education (Griffiths & Giddens, 2006). The social model unlike the biomedical model, works on the assumption that progress in health and general well being is achievable if focus is shifted to both the social and environmental determinants of health and not only medical and biological factors. This method is also more flexible than the biomedical model since it leaves room for individuals or communities to build their own meaning of health (Tew, 2005). This helps in identification of important factors that determine health in different contexts Conclusion In conclusion, it is imperative to note that health should not be viewed as the absence of disease or illness. Furthermore, even though the Biomedical Model is more practical than the Social Model, it would be more beneficial if the Social Model and the Biomedical Model were to be harmonized into one single model. This would mean that some of the factors from the Social Model such as social class and environment
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Name: Course: Instructor: Date: The Biomedical and Socio-Medical Model of Health Introduction Health is defined differently following the medical and biomedical models of health. While the social model defines it as a state of total physical, mental, and social well-being, the biomedical model has ruled that this definition is weak as it lacks operational value…
The model proposes that the action of a human being is in the form of an interactive system through which the biological factors associate with the social factors and psychological factors; the interactions occur “within the social context of human activity and existence” (Janowski 2009, p11).
With health risks recording an escalating trend, it is of great essence that persons frame an approach of how to handle their well-being, in terms of cost, and how to live healthy (World Health Organization, 2001). It is warranted to argue that health is an existent challenge, and that getting healthy must be a number priority for all persons (n.d.,1).
The model was introduced in the nineteenth century and has been used widely to diagnose diseases by the doctors. According to the model every disease or disorder is caused by a physical harm. In other words the diseases or disorders are caused by germs or genes which might be changing the internal environment of the body to cause the disease.
Providing Better Understanding of Health and Health Care through Sociology and Psychology Introduction Sociology and Psychology are two interrelated disciplines in the field of health and health care. The unprecedented changes in sociology and psychology influence ones understanding of the current health care system and the relationship of these disciplines to health and human behavior.
In dealing with diseases, the rudimentary causes are ascertained and quantified. This quantification facilitates an assessment of biological risk factors as well as the behavioral risk factors associated with those diseases.
Health care is broadly based on two models of health - the medical and the social model. Medical model of health is essentially, what an average person relates to and expects when visiting a health care practitioner after having developed the signs and symptoms of an illness.
Health of an individual is influenced by various factors like genetic, physiologic, behavioral, socioeconomic status, environmental, institutional and other social factors. The sociological factors play an important role in the development of community. Poverty is one sociological factor is the major concern for any nation as it relates not only with economic sustainability of an individual but also relates with the health condition of himself and his family.1 The present paper tries to explore the role of poverty and its significance in relation to health of an individual.
The medical model of health gazes at person’s physical functioning and describes bad health and illness as the presence of disease and ill symptoms as a consequence of physical causes such as injury or infections and does not consider social and psychological factors. On the other hand the social model of health glances at society.
From the definition, it is clear that a person maybe without any illness or physical deformity but succumbs to negative social factors that affect the general health of the person. Above definition of health is slightly different from the biomedical version
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