Cultural lag is when a particular entity of society fails to keep up the pace with cultural transformation and its dynamic existence. This cultural lag can be in form of sub culture, traits, norms or mores. Every culture embraces itself to the modern explorations that take place around. For example the introduction of science and technology and other elements keep on getting added to the society. When a particular culture is not adaptive to these changes, it is termed to have suffered from cultural lag(Brinkerhoff et.al). Cultural lag is a subjective and relative term and is presented in comparison to other cultures and surroundings. Mostly the closed model cultures and restrictive mode of cultures suffer from cultural lag. Those societies and cultures which are less adaptive to change do not welcome transformation in the beginning and as a result a delay occurs in its expression and embracing of the new items. Cultural lag leads to slow progress and lack of opportunities. Cultural lag occurs when the cultural base is small or relatively ineffective and can be mitigated through expansion of the cultural base. 2) Re-socialization: Re socialization is another relevant term related to the dynamic outlook of a culture. It is an integrative process in which new ideas, new concepts and new approaches are introduced and embraced.
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Culture is a dynamic entity and is a collective representation of the people’s thoughts, actions, values and believes.Cultural lag is when a particular entity of society fails to keep up the pace with cultural transformation and its dynamics…
There are many forms of relativism which vary according to the degree of controversy. Relativism is often used for the moral principles, ethics and cultural relativism. Relativism can be of various forms like the philosophical versus the anthropological relativism and normative versus the descriptive relativism.
Cultural relativism is related to a natural theory of evolution that views the cultural and linguistic diversity of human civilization globally as related to unique aspects of geographical isolation and parallel development.
All cultures are also entitled to their own believes, in addition to having equal value. Cultural relativism as a concept also explains why it is right for a particular society to do something while it is morally wrong for another society to do the same thing.
The author states that from the Christian philosophical perspective, self interest aspect is viewed as self love or duty to self or saving one’s soul or other aspects but this does not necessarily mean that people should refuse to share with others. Sharing is one way of fulfilling self interest since it can help in saving other people.
One of the primary tenets of cultural relativism is that different societies have different moral codes. Within a particular society, its moral code, which may be different across cultures, determines what is right and wrong.
Therefore culture relativism is not always good, it may lead to misunderstandings and even disputes.
A few practices of physical relationships, living relationship and homosexual relationship may have acceptance in one kind of culture setup but may not gain acceptance in another culture setup.
It can also be define as the tendency to judge or gauge other people’s culture by comparing it with one’s own culture. On the other hand, cultural relativism can be defined as the tendency to view every culture as different hence evaluating it as a different entity
According to Nkeonye (1994), relative definition of cultural relativism dictates that it’s a philosophical doctrine which informs us that all proper moral standards are derived from culture; a definition echoed among publications associated with the subject. Whereas
However, these meaning differs from the Rachel’s understanding of the cultural relativity. To him, he views the cultural relativity as an attitude of objectivity towards another culture.
The major believes of the cultural relativism is not a single doctrine but
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