Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Theories of Childhood: Attachment Theory Attachment emulates an emotional bond to someone else. John Bowlby, a psychologist, initiated the attachment theory, describing it as a lasting connectedness between humans (Simpson 18)…
Attachment theory’s central theme is that responsiveness and availability of mothers to the needs of infants establishes a security sense in the infants. The child recognizes that they have a dependable caregiver, creating a sense of security for the child to live (Simpson 18). Mary Ainsworth conducted further research into the theory in the 60s and 70s by introducing the secure base concept and developed theories of various attachment patterns: avoidant attachment, secure attachment, disorganized attachment, and anxious attachment. Characteristics of Attachment John Bowlby contended that there were four characteristics distinguishing attachment. The first was proximity maintenance that is the desire to be close to people that we are attached to (Holmes 51). The safe haven involves a return to the figure of attachment for safety and comfort where faced by threat or fear. The third characteristic is the secure base where the figure of attachment serves as a security base from which children are able to explore the environment around them. Finally, we have the separation distress, which is the anxiety that comes in when there is no attachment figure. Mary Ainsworth with her Strange Situation assessment expounded upon these characteristics. Ainsworth's "Strange Situation" Assessment Psychologist Mary Ainsworth, in the 70s, expounded further on the groundbreaking work by Bowlby in the Strange Situation study. This study involved the observation of children aged between twelve and eighteen months when responding to situations when they were left alone for a brief time and then brought back together with their mothers (Holmes 53). Ainsworth, with this observation as her basis, concluded that children showed three major attachment styles; avoidant-insecure, ambivalent-insecure, and secure attachment. A fourth attachment style is referred to as disorganized-insecure attachment. Many studies are in support of the conclusions made by Ainsworth with additional research revealing that the early styles of attachment can aid in the prediction of behaviors later on in life (Holmes 53). Characteristics of Attachment Attachment through Life Before anyone begins to blame the problems in their relationship with parents, it is essential for one to note that styles of attachment from infancy are not identical to the ones demonstrated when one goes through adult romantic-attachment (Holmes 60). A long time elapses from childhood to adulthood, therefore, intervening experiences have a large role in attachment styles in adulthood. Infants described as avoidant or ambivalent can become adults who are securely attached, while those who are securely attached in infancy can turn to insecurely attached adults. However, research in this area is indicative of established patterns in infancy that have an essential impact of relationships later on. While infant attachment styles are similar to romantic attachment in adulthood, research has indicated that early styles of attachment can aid in the prediction of behavioral patterns, in adulthood (Holmes 61). Secure Attachment Securely attached children become more upset when caregivers go away and are happy on their return. The children, when frightened, often seek comfort from their caregiver. When a parent initiates contact, parents are readily acceptable by children who are securely attached and they view the caregivers return positively (Holmes 62). While other people can comfort the children to some extent when the caregiver is absent, they prefer ...
Cite this document
(“Theories of Childhood Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/sociology/97393-theories-of-childhood
(Theories of Childhood Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Theories of Childhood Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/97393-theories-of-childhood.
However, attachment does not have to be necessarily reciprocal. Attachment is exhibited by certain behaviour in children such as seeking proximity with the attachment figure when disturbed or threatened. Attachment theories are useful in the study of infant behaviours as well as in the fields of child health.
The other concept includes the use of the scientific method to the social world, which can be regarded as objective. The premise of this theory is that the world is a system that comprises of many parts that tend to relate to one another; each part plays a crucial role for the survival of the entire system.
This task endeavors to explore three stories of teachers’ pedagogy in action as related in their stories. In the three stories, it is apparent that the teachers wanted to apply their knowledge and skills in early childhood education in their teaching practice, but realize that they also need to leave space for the children’s ideas to surface.
Childhood has been a subject of interest in the intellectual world as we try to dig deep into the constructs of childhood and how they have been changing with time. This is because childhood determines what the grown up person will be. Therefore childhood can be a good predictor of the later person.
As Piaget puts it, a child’s development is established through several stages, where a single stage symbolizes a qualitatively unique type of thinking. A child in the first stage has a dissimilar level of thinking with a
cognitive theory is made up of four key elements that include learning through observation, reinforcement of habits acquired through self-control and belief in one’s ability to change their behavior (Gording, Eccles & Grimshaw, 2008). The process of addressing obesity should
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Theories of Childhood for FREE!