The CSEW estimates can be two or more times higher or lower when compared to the number of police recorded crimes. Crime may also be considered an adult act, one that is committed by adults or young adults against other grown up people who are more or less equipped with the skill to prevent or at least mitigate the effects of crime on their lives. The CSEW identified the need to provide statistics on victimised youth and since 2009 their survey has included a separate questionnaire targeting children between the age of 10 and 15. In 2012, 54 per cent of crimes against children were violent crimes, 40 per cent were theft of personal property and some crimes against children (0.05 per cent) were vandalism to personal property (Office for National Statistics, 2013). However, the overall number of violent crimes is bigger; it affects a smaller sub-group of children, while thieves often target the same person multiple times. The CSEW, since 2009 has considered children ages 10 to 15 residing in England and Wales on their experience relating to crime (Office for National Statistics, 2013). ...
This includes the 6% who have been victims of violent crimes with the 8% victims of personal theft (Home Office, 2012). Even as there have been more incidents of violent than theft, these violent crimes usually covered a smaller number of 10 to 15 year olds, especially as these acts are most likely repeated against the same victim. About one in four children in England and Wales from ages 10 to 15 have been victims of crime in 2009 (Home Office, 2012). The year 2010 surveys indicate that most of the 2.1 million crimes involving theft and violence against teenagers were seen mostly in playgrounds. It covers incidents which are legally considered crimes, but when children were asked if they considered these to be crimes, only 410,000 incidents were soon considered as crimes (Home Office, 2012). Findings indicated children are more likely exposed to incidents of violence as compared to adults, and this fact is an even greater cause for concern with the fact that some incidents not involving injury are not reported to the police (Home Office, 2012). In discounting incidents of crime seen in schools, crime statistics involving children registers at 643,000. The Home Office (2012) also declare that children are less likely to be victims of thefts especially as they do not actually own things of significant value. Close to 83,000 incidents involving children mostly referred to wounding which were serious enough to require medical attention. Boys were also more likely to be victims of some of these violent crimes (Home Office, 2012). Research Aims: The aim of the research is to identify groups of children who are more vulnerable to crime. The research will analyse the characteristics of children who are victims of crime and will try to shed light on the broader
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36 pages (9000 words)Dissertation
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