According to American Psychological Association (2008), “Sexual orientation refers to an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women, or both sexes. Sexual orientation also refers to a person’s sense of identity-based on those attractions, related behaviors, and membership in a community of others who share those attractions”. With reference to this definition, APA (2008) further provides an illustration of being homosexual by stating that where there is a consensus about the development of sexual orientation in middle childhood or early adolescence, no scientific evidence have been found as to what causes a homosexual or bisexual behavior. However, it is important to note that being homosexual is not a mental disorder despite being perceived differently in various cultures. Furthering to this definition of being homosexual, the intended purpose of this discussion is to identify if religion is the possible reason behind different social attitudes towards homosexuals in countries having different cultures.
To begin with, the law in the United Arab Emirates only allows marriages that are admissible on heterosexual grounds. In addition to that, any kind of sexual contact outside this defined limit is not allowed as it may fall under the category of felony and adultery. There are punishments for such crimes ranging from a mere sentence to capital punishment. It is important to note that Sharia law forms a foundation of many federal laws and thus surpasses any other allowance made by legislation. Another important element in defining social behavior towards homosexuality in UAE is government-sanctioned forced psychological treatment against homosexuality. Legislation and other legal boundaries are intended to develop a behavior that is acceptable socially and culturally. Where the shapes of legislation varies greatly in different regions, say even in UAE and KSA (despite both being Muslim entities), the social and cultural behavior also show differences on different subjects. This is precisely the reason why content used in advertising differs in these two countries. However having developed that the religious forces in UAE not only governs cultural values but also have a significant impact on legislation (federal and civil laws), it is more likely to have an effect on the social behaviors as well. In order to identify the gist of these behaviors, it is important to understand what Islam says about homosexuality. According to Huda (2013), Islam forbids any kind of sexual contact between two individuals of the same gender mainly because it against the natural order and brings destruction to the