The researcher of this essay aims to pay special attention to football as one of the most popular sports in the world attracting some of the largest fans from across the globe. Attracting such a large fan base and sport enthusiasts, some violence or unruly behavior is bound to take place. “Football hooliganism is seen by most to mean violence and/or disorder involving football fans. However there are two very specific 'types' of disorder that have been labeled 'hooliganism': (a) Spontaneous and usually low level disorder caused by fans at or around football matches (the type that typically occurs at England away matches), and (b) Deliberate and intentional violence involving organized gangs (or 'firms') who attach themselves to football clubs and fight firms from other clubs, sometimes a long way in time and space from a match.” Media has always been actively involved in covering disruptions at football matches and tournaments. Media has played a vital rule in making the general public aware of the concept football hooliganism. Media also takes particular interest in reporting events of football hooliganism as these sensational stories are what the audience really wants to hear. Theses events give tabloids exciting happening events involving violence to report about and such stories increases their magazine or newspapers circulation. Therefore, media has been criticized time and again for playing an integral part in provoking football hooliganism....
ball hooliganism feel for each other, help each other in distress and in return get attached to their group and get a sense of belonging with fellow group members.
"Hooligan formations provide their members with a sense of belonging, mutual solidarity and friendship. Narratives of hooligans reveal how group members claim to 'look after one another' and stick together through thick and thin". (Spaaij, 2006)
SELF IMAGE AND INDEPENDENCE:
Football hooliganism gives a platform to individuals to prove to peers that they are independent and can take care of themselves. Thus they want to create a desired self image for themselves.
"Football hooligans seek to present a self image of being capable of 'looking after oneself', both collectively and individually". (Spaaij, 2006)
The emotional involvement of football fans is far greater than other sports example that of rugby. This high emotional attachment leads to disruptions by fans at football matches.
"Higher the emotional involvement (represented by high score on the emotionality subscale) the person has with the team, the more likely the individual will cause or participate in incidents." (Petrczi et al., n.d)
SOCIAL BACKGROUND AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MAKEUP OF FANS:
The social background of fans also contributes as an important factor influencing football hooliganism. A research result explains
"There are several theories, but most sociologists maintain that the social background and psychological make-up of the fans are critical factors regarding their deviant behavior (DeBenedette, 1989). While social background and psychological characteristics of various fan groups might offer a sound explanation for their behavior, such attributes cannot be changed
by the event organizers and facility managers.