Not satisfied with the speed from animals man started looking for better and more reliable means of faster transportation. Roads of rail called Wagonway were being used in Germanyas early as 1550. the primitive railed roads consisted of wooden rails one which horse drawn wagons or carts moved with greater ease than over dirt roads. This Wagonways were the forerunners to modern railways.
Invention of the steam engine was critical to the invention of the modern railroad and train. In 1803, Samuel Homfray decided to fund the development of a steam powered vehicle to replace horse-drawn carts on the tramways. Richard Trevitheck (1771-1833) built that vehicle, the first tramway locomotive. In 1884, the locomotive hauled a load of 10 tons of iron, 70 men and five extra wagons the 9 miles between the ironworks at Par-y-Darron in the town of Methyr Tyndfil, Wales to the bottom of the valley Abbercynnon. It took about 2 hours. This means the locomotive moved at speed of about 4.5mph.
Preceding the steam train, in 1769, the first self-propelled vehicle, a military tractor was invented by a French engineer/mechanic, Nicolas Joseph Cugnot. Cugnot used a steam engine to power his vehicle, built under his instructions at the Paris Arsenal by mechanic Brezin. It was used by the French Army to haul artillery at a then whooping speed of 21/2mph on only three wheels.
Cugnot also crashed his vehicle in to a w ...Show more