First time visitors better study all the possible modes of transport and plan the itinerary carefully before starting to explore the enchanting beauty of the city" (The London Transport System, 2010).
During the peak hours, that is between 9.00 and 10.30 a.m. and 4.00 and 5.30 pm, the traffic could be daunting as these are the rush hours and people travel to and from during these hours. Other than these timings, traveling is relatively peaceful and enjoyable during rest of the day.
Traveling in London can get to the nerves when it slows down in certain places because of traffic congestion. But traffic congestion allows one to enjoy the sights even more. London has its share of stately buildings and parks. There is also the mighty river, Thames, flowing through the city. It is not for nothing that over 14 percent of the population in the United Kingdom lives in London.
However, the high population and business life in London has frayed the traveling system in London. Almost around the year, there is some repair or modification work at an Underground site that slows down travel by Underground rails. "Travel experts feel that the underground is showing its age, resulting in frequent delays, escalators going out of action and some stations being closed for repairs, especially during weekends. Though crime is not rampant, tourists are advised to avoid empty carriages, especially in the late hours. Smoking is prohibited both at the station and on the carriage. Tickets can be purchased at the station before entering the tube" (The London Transport System, 2010).
Figure 2 - London Transport Museum & Transport for London in early 20th century
"The London Underground is Europe's largest metro subway system and is the world's oldest underground system. It was inaugurated in 1863. It covers 253 miles of track and transports 976 million people yearly. The Underground is also connected to a variety of rail services to London's surrounding areas, including the Eurostar to Paris. Among these services is the Docklands Light Railway (DLR), a popular driverless light rail extension, which offers many scenic views of the Thames River and surrounding areas (Vacation Packages, 2009).
"London's buses go everywhere in the city. The map is a treasure in itself, because when you zoom in, you can see all the main roads, all the parks, all the attractions, the actual locations of all the tube stations and of course, where all the buses run. Similar maps are available on the TFL site for all the areas of outer London too. Have a look at the bus spider maps too, which show the routes in a diagrammatic form, which is easier to follow.
You can pay for individual journeys on the bus as you get on. Single journeys of any length in the central area cost 1.20 (0.40 for children). If you have a travelcard, you do not pay extra; just