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Navigation System Automatic Identification System (AIS)
Pages 8 (2008 words)
The purpose of this paper is to know what Automatic Identification system is d what are the technical evaluations in it and the practices it includes. This paper says Automatic Identification introduced for the safety and identification of the ships. This is basically to secure the subjects and their lives in the sea and to identify any unknown objects in it…
This paper concludes the note by putting value conditions and self - completed measured for AIS system.
As defined by wikipedia encyclopedia Automatic Identification System (AIS) is a system used by ships and vessel traffic systems (VTS) principally for identification of vessels at sea. AIS helps to resolve the difficulty of identifying ships when not in sight (e.g. at night, in radar blind arcs or shadows or at distance) by providing a means for ships to exchange ID, position, course, speed and other ship data with all other nearby ships and VTS stations (Ref-1). AIS development started in the year 1997 with the recommendation of IMO to establish a performance recommendation for a wordwide system. It works by integrating a standardized Very High Frequency (VHF)1 transponder system with a Global Positioning System (GPS)2 receiver and other navigational equipment on board ship (Gyro compass, Rate of turn indicator, etc.). This system captures and reflect the datato all the solas system implemented places and provides a quick, reliable and accurate information to the management which helps in avoiding any kind of mishappen. AIS is revolutionizing observation and control of shipping through increased maritime safety and through the use of the information generated that enhance the management of shipping operations.
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