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Health Safety and Welfare - Essay Example

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Health Safety and Welfare

Identification of load characteristics to correctly foresee load behavior.
Considerations including load dimensions, configurations and attachments.
Ensure correct use of rope-clips and properly fitted pins.
Minimise the swing of a hook, to reduce chance of accident.
Load should be balanced and secured in the sling before lifting more than a few centimeters.
Dynamometers should be used for weight indication only.
All safety devices and procedures should be installed, including lights, guard rails, proximity warnings etc.
The area around lift should be kept clear.
Rope should be checked after every lift for wear and tear.
Hardhats should be worn at all times.
Hoisting of components should be avoided after dark, as the complete aerial path may not be sufficiently illuminated, causing injuries.
All fall equipment should be inspected before use.
Operating parameters for operating in winds should never be violated.
Loads should be kept balanced while in a basket hitch so as to prevent slipping.
Loads should never be left unattended.



4.2
Working in confined spaces requires conforming to requirements and legal provisions to reduce hazards specific to such working conditions. Confined spaces may include storage tanks, silos, reaction vessels, enclosed drains, sewers, ducts, poorly ventilated and dark rooms etc.
The types of dangers in confined spaces are:
Oxygen deprivation.
Poisonous gases or fumes.
Liquids and solids that can fill the space suddenly, like grain in a silo.
Fire and/or explosions.
Residue left in tanks that can give off vapours or poisonous gases.
Asphyxiation due to suspended dust.
Temperature extremes.
The conditions outlined above may not originally be there, but may happen during work being carried out. These...
The conditions outlined above may not originally be there, but may happen during work being carried out. These situations may include grinders giving off dust, welding causing fumes, or escape becoming difficult due to equipment already installed within the space, making escape in case of an emergency difficult.
a) Risk assessments that require specialist knowledge. In terms of a construction project, different levels of skill are required to carry out different complexities of tasks. This hierarchy of complexities extend to risk assessment as well as subsequent mitigation as well. In large and complex projects, the CDM coordinator himself has to have the relevant skills and experience to judge where professionals and experts with specialized knowledge would need to be called in to assess the possible vulnerabilities of a particular task, and to help in reducing risks associated with it. For example, electrical risks, mining risks, financial risks in large projects, all require experts in those fields to help the project steer through the potential problems caused by lapses. Specialist knowledge allows these experts to design the risk management procedures to specifically deal potential problems in tasks related to their fields. ...Show more

Summary

A total risk assessment programme prepared and vetted by the CDM coordinator, with a special section outlining best practices (as mentioned in the next section) and relevant legal references as a part of it.
All new hoisting equipment shall be inspected periodically and certified prior to use, as also after any modification or alteration, and the certifying authority shall sign off on the successful certification.
Author : hmonahan
Health Safety and Welfare essay example
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