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Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), including Unmanned Aerial Combat Vehicles (UACVs), have a great potential for performance of the tasks previously accomplished by manned aircraft. UAVs have been used in air power operations since the 1950s, however, now, their military challenging roles are expanded mainly because of the application of wide variety of payloads, including TV cameras, radars, infrared seekers, electronic signals intelligence equipment, lasers, meteorological sensors, as well as sensors to detect chemical agents and radioactivity…
The Air Force views UAVs as an essentially remote-controlled aircraft, but it does not mean that there the aircraft has completely unmanned control. In fact, there is an operator involved in the flight of these systems, but such operator does not need to be inside the aircraft. The operator may remotely control the air vehicle with a stick and rudder control, or program the vehicle and it autonomously decides how to change and adjust its flight.
The use of UAVs was predetermined by the necessity of intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance operations in different parts of the world. UAVs are relatively small aircraft but many defense analysts consider such vehicles to be crucial for military affairs. For example, "UAV can find, identify, and even direct a precision munition to a target, and then assess the damage done to that target after the munition has hit, without risking the lives of an aircrew. UAVs are also appealing to the military because different UAV systems can collect different types of information, such as tactical (or battlefield) intelligence and strategic (or longer-range) intelligence. ...
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