Thus, under an autonomous situation, a controller must be able to manage problems not only with the software but also fix problems arising in the hardware. He also believes that the process of developing a controller with artificial intelligence is evolutionary, ie. each model must evolve as an improvement over the previous one through continuous improvements and compilation and coordination of research results in various related fields. For the design and concept, research and concepts would be relevant from the fields of control, estimation, communication theory, computer science, identification and operations research.
Antsaklis et al have described the architecture of the controller that will be used in future advanced space vehicles. The principles and model of the controller will be such that the controller will be able to establish communication between the autonomous vehicle and the pilot or ground station.[Antsaklis, 1989-90].The controller is capable of dealing with unexpected situations, new control tasks and failures in the system. Charmak  and Shapiro  have discussed in detail the controllers and autonomous situations in artificial intelligence and operations research. ...Show more