2h. Life Cycle Thinking___________________________________ 12
2i. Design for Environment ________________________________ 13
2j. Continuous Improvement_______________________________ 13
2k. Results_____________________________________________ 13
2l.Environmental Management System_______________________ 13
3. Ecodesign Strategies__________________________________________ 14
3a. Selecting Eco-efficient Materials_________________________ 14
3b. New Concept Development_____________________________ 14
3c. Optimizing Logistics__________________________________ 15
3d. Using Fewer Materials________________________________ 15
3e. Increasing the Life of the Product _______________________ 15
3f. Reducing Environmental Impact during the Product's Usage__ 16
3g. Making Changes in the Production Processes______________ 16
3h. Waste management __________________________________ 16
3i. Design Against Crime (DAC)___________________________ 17
3j. Reduce Packaging____________________________________ 17
3k. Energy Reduction____________________________________ 18
3l. Waste Reduction_____________________________________ 19
3m. User Centred Research_______________________________ 20
3n. Take Back_________________________________________ 20
3o. Design for Disassembly (DfD)_________________________ 22
3p. Reuse_____________________________________________ 23
3q. Eco Labels_________________________________________ 24
4. Ecodesign Methods_________________________________________ 26
4a. MET points method__________________________________ 26
4b. Environmental benchmarking__________________________ 27
4c. Environmental quality function deployment (EQFD)________ 29
5. Life Cycle Analysis_________________________________________ 30
5a. Goal and Scope...
Ecodesign is the most common word that is used for an implementation of these practices but it is also known as sustainable design, green design, life cycle design, environmental design, and sustainable product design.
This report discusses the core concepts of ecodesign; globally accepted strategies and methods used for the implementation of ecodesign (there are other tools and methods that have been developed by private organizations which are not covered in this report) with an emphasis on the most famous method Life Cycle Analysis; Environmental Assessment; and a case study of mobile phones comprising of a Life Cycle thinking, Environmental Benchmarking, information and ideas related to ecodesigning of mobile phones.
Ecodesign is "a design which addresses all environmental impacts of a product throughout the complete lifecycle of the product, whilst aiming to enhance other criteria like function, quality, and appearance" (Spaceship Ecodesign, n.d.)
Using ecodesigning, we form methods and strategies to develop products in a way that would lessen pollution & waste materials and decelerate the elimination of finite resources.