Function and Attributes. A building's function, or what it is to be used for, strongly influences its design and construction. With the function corresponds a set of attributes, standards, and design elements.
All buildings have a common function: to protect people from the natural elements of weather (sun, rain, cold, and wind) by providing shelter, one of man's basic needs (after food and clothing).
Office and supermarket buildings differ in the way they fulfill their function and the three common attributes. An office building's function is to provide an environment where people can work. A supermarket's function is to provide an environment where people can buy goods for their use at home, for recreation, or at the office.
Both building types share several attributes like safety, productive working environment, flexibility, aesthetics, comfort, and accessibility. However, because of their different functions, they differ in some key design elements: parking, substructure, fire safety, and superstructure components (civil, mechanical (HVAC), electrical, electronics, and plumbing).
Parking. Depending on their location, a supermarket generally should be able to accommodate a higher volume of vehicular parking compared to office buildings. Access to supermarket parking spaces should make it easy to unload and load goods to and from the vehicle. Most supermarkets have their parking spaces at ground level, while most office buildings located in commercial districts have parking spaces below ground, although some recent building designs allocate mezzanine floors for parking. ...