Human beings are very particular in choosing commodities and appliances based on their efficiency. In this context, efficiency means "how better the commodities serve". However efficiency of an item largely depends on its utility factor, that is, how effectively and efficiently it is utilized.
Apart from this, a commodity also provides a secondary service which is generally looked over. If the secondary service is not utilized then it means that the item has not been used to its fullest potential.
Such unwanted materials are known as waste. Zero waste America (www.zerowasteameraica.com, 2002) considers waste as a "resource that is not safely recycled back into the environment or the market place."
The UK government recognizes the wastes by classifying them into two broad categories namely 'controlled' and 'non-controlled' wastes. Controlled wastes can be further divided into domestic wastes, wastes from industries, commercial and other wastes from hospitals etc. These can be further divided as Hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Agricultural and other wastes from mines and quarries are recognized as the non-controlled wastes (www.uclan.ac.uk, 2006).
The Government of UK has an environmental Agency that takes care of the Quality of Air, Water and other natural resources. It handles the job of authorizing and monitoring organizations to see if they abide by to the rules. They provide licensing for organizations to discharge wastes into the environment. Defra, (www.defra.gov.uk, nd) an organizational body of England deals with the government policies and showcases the affects and changes on the environment due to these policies. ...