Apart from this, a commodity also provides a secondary service which is generally looked over. If the secondary service is not utilized then it means that the item has not been used to its fullest potential.
Such unwanted materials are known as waste. Zero waste America (www.zerowasteameraica.com, 2002) considers waste as a "resource that is not safely recycled back into the environment or the market place."
The UK government recognizes the wastes by classifying them into two broad categories namely 'controlled' and 'non-controlled' wastes. Controlled wastes can be further divided into domestic wastes, wastes from industries, commercial and other wastes from hospitals etc. These can be further divided as Hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Agricultural and other wastes from mines and quarries are recognized as the non-controlled wastes (www.uclan.ac.uk, 2006).
The Government of UK has an environmental Agency that takes care of the Quality of Air, Water and other natural resources. It handles the job of authorizing and monitoring organizations to see if they abide by to the rules. They provide licensing for organizations to discharge wastes into the environment. Defra, (www.defra.gov.uk, nd) an organizational body of England deals with the government policies and showcases the affects and changes on the environment due to these policies. It comes out with environmental protection acts, regulating licenses to waste disposal, pollution control and prevention strategies that force all organizations to follow the prescribed conditions. These conditions are put forward after a thorough research of the present environmental situation and the effects the policies will have on various organizations.
Continuous work is carried out regarding the changes in environment and correspondingly amendments are done to the existing policies. Few of the recent policies include the 'landfill regulation act' that came in 2002 (www.defra.gov.uk, nd) regarding the area to be allocated for establishing landfills and their location. The 'hazardous waste regulation act' came in 2005 (www.defra.gov.uk, nd) regarding the norms for disposal of hazardous wastes such as nuclear wastes and toxic wastes.
Organizations that do not abide by these rules are liable for punishments, the severity of which is dependant on the amount of leniency taken by the organization. The UK government uses approximately around 10% (www.defra.gov.uk, 3) of the taxes paid by public in the interest of environmental protection activities and waste management techniques.
Case Study: Norfolk
Norfolk county council is an organization that provides a variety of services to ensure appropriate waste management. This organization coordinates various tasks from collection of wastes to its safe and effective disposal. In simple terms they