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Civil engineering is a profession in the discipline of engineering. Its main concern is on designing, constructing and maintenance of buildings such as roads, railways, houses and bridges. It is one of the oldest engineering disciplines. It is divided in to smaller disciplines such as: construction, geotechnical, surveying, structural, materials, environmental, transportation, coastal and water engineering.
Civil engineering started to gain recognition in United Kingdom in the late 18th and early 19th century. There was a foundation of very many professional bodies and societies for example, the Law and Royal Society. Form the late 18th century a group of people, civil engineers, met regularly thus led to the formation of a society of Civil Engineers in the year 1771. The person behind all the success was John Smeaton. It is known as Smeatonian Society. This further led to a formation of the institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) whose first president was Thomas Telford. In 1828, ICE gained membership and a Royal Charter. The institution started to publish materials regarding the discipline and thus led to Civil Engineering being recognized as a discipline in the United Kingdom (Blair, 2007).
The rising industrialization levels in the United Kingdom called for a development of better transport and housing systems. The demand was high because the country needed to transport its goods and services and it also needed better structures for its industries. ...
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