Electricity Generation in the UK

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Electricity generation in United Kingdom is dominated by Fossil-Fuelled Power Plants and Nuclear Power Plants. Fossil fuels include coal, oil, and natural gas that are burned to generate energy. Nuclear power plants use radiation in order to produce large amounts of energy.


According to the Institution of Engineering and Technology (2006), there are three (3) areas from which the environmental debates in the field of Electrical Engineering are concerned: (1) the electricity generation process, (2) the discarding of the "resultant waste products", and (3) energy conservation potentials. (p.2) The IET (2006) reports that the total consumption of energy in the United Kingdom (including fuels for electricity) increased from 207 million tonnes oil equivalent (Mtoe) in 1992 to 229 Mtoe in 1998. From the total figure, 80 million tonnes oil equivalent is used to generate electricity in UK. Charts 1 and 2 show the relative amounts of different fuels (coal, oil, gas, nuclear, hydro, and net electric imports) used in making electricity. Based from the data illustrated on the two charts, coal consumption decreased from 60 percent to 33 percent in the time duration. The usage of gas increased from 3 percent to 32.5 percent in the same time frame. Nuclear energy remains a major contributor of electricity in U.K. providing 1/5 of the total electricity. (Postnote, 2007) The Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (2008) provides updated statistics for fuel used to generate electricity in UK. ...
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