Emergency management is a continuous process involving a set of four phases namely mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery (@dhs.gov, 2007). Mitigation, a long term process, is the phase that continuously monitors the homeland thereby avoiding and reducing risk. Preparedness signifies regarding the plan of action that ought to be implemented at the time of disasters. Important among these are communication plans, maintenance of emergency services and building emergency shelters etc. This also includes anticipating disaster or post disaster activities. The response phase provides immediate response to a disaster. This phase mainly involves the services of fire fighting team, police and ambulance etc. Recovery focuses on the recoil activities or better said working for bringing back the affected area to its original state.
The department of homeland security in US had many criticisms regarding the inclusion and exclusion of certain departments and also the budget being misused and likes. These were serious challenges for the DHS as it was unable to live to the expectations at a particular instant and was constantly tested in the areas of working with synchronization and coordination. The plan of action was also named to be weak by critics and media. In spite of all the above mentioned issues the DHS still sets high standards and has tremendous support from the higher officials in the government. This essay would critically examine the behavior of DHS in response to the Inter State-35W (I-35W Bridge) Mississippi river bridge collapse. The 'I-35W Bridge' located in Minneapolis was a one hundred fifteen feet (115 feet) high, One thousand nine hundred and seven feet long (1907 feet) giant whose construction started in 1964 and was open in November 1967 (@live.asce.org, 2007). This steel truss arch bridge was Minnesota's fifth busiest bridge according to the recent stats, carrying around One hundred forty thousand vehicles per day. The world has seen yet another disaster on the first of August 2007 during the rush hours of Minnesota. This bridge collapsed into the river submerging many vehicles, taking away the innocent lives of thirteen people and causing injuries to hundreds. (@johnweeks.com, 2007)
Emergency management team's action
The analysis here begins with taking a few factors into consideration and later examining few issues that would have made the Emergency management even better. The DHS claims, and it should, that their plan of action after this accident in order to control the situation was among one of their success stories. This is true to a great extent. Let us consider their plan of action. Assuming that the efficiency of emergency management after the occurrence of a disaster is measured in terms of the response time, that is, time taken to reach the affected spot and carry out the rescue efforts, the team has to be crowned for having the preparedness to reach the affected spot within six minutes (@dhs.gov, 2007). The support of the civilians cannot be neglected though. The emergency managem