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Today we are living in an era of globalization and liberalization. Technology, in general and the Information Technology (IT) in particular is the real engine behind the way the world has advanced. Communication is an integral part of the IT era. Since the times of Alexander Graham Bell and his telephone, the world of telephony has traveled long distances, and today we're in the age of mobile phones and satellite phones.
The new equipment had more useful features, than the vacuum tube version. But the real push towards rapid advancement in the electronics industry came with the introduction of Integrated Circuits (ICs). This system relied on a process that could put hundred of electronic components on a single electronic chip measuring less than an eighth of an square (Shore, 1988). These integrated circuits formed the core of any electronic device, be it the computer, telephone equipment, measuring equipment, storage devices etc., which helped in making such equipment more reliable and faster. Having tasted the success of integrated circuits, the industry was in an overdrive to experiment with more circuits in small silicon chips, which gave rise to the LSI or Large Scale Integration technique. It was in the 1970s, that this technique arrived on the scene. This resulted in production of low cost and low power consuming devices, which helped in making the electronic gadgets more popular. And once the demand for such equipment picked up, there was no looking back, as the industry felt encouraged with the response from the market and the industry. Gordon E. ...
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