Information gathered was synthesized and general recommendations were forwarded.
Sustainability in buildings, whether for new ones or for refurbishment, does not necessarily have a fixed definition, although sustainable buildings are described to be sensitive to at least five factors, namely: (1) the local and global environment; (2) consumption of energy, other resources and water; (3) the quality of the immediate internal environment, including the impact on the occupants of the building; (4) financial impact as to cost-effectiveness from a long term and total financial returns perspective; and (5) energy efficiency throughout the economic life of the building (Ratcliffe, Stubbs and Keeping, 2009).
''''''''''' On the other hand, sustainable refurbishment in buildings, according to Ratcliffe, et al. (2009), are mainly concerned with: (1) efficient use of resources; (2) waste minimization; (3) consumption of energy and water; and (4) selection of materials or fixtures which are not harmful to the environment or to the occupants of the building. Other authors, such as Ebbert and Knaack (cited in Braganca 2007), identified aspects of refurbishment such as energy consumption, building construction possibilities, building services, comfort, aesthetics, and finance.'
Proponents of sustainable refurbishment have interesting arguments which function as drivers for the soaring popularity o ...