A content management system (CMS) is a system used to manage the content of a website. Typically, a CMS consists of two elements: the content management application (CMA) and the content delivery application (CDA). The CMA element allows the content manager or author, who may not know Hypertext Markup Language to manage the creation, modification, and removal of content from a Web site without needing the expertise of a webmaster. The CDA element uses and compiles that information to update the Web site. The features of a CMS system vary, but most include Web-based publishing, format management, revision control, and indexing, search, and retrieval.
CMS can therefore help to cut back on workflow in the corporate environment. According to the December 2002 Database Development Survey by Evans Data Corporation, 48 percent of the companies surveyed provide real-time data feeds to decision makers. Nearly a third of the 600 database developers surveyed indicated that they updated their analytic databases on an hourly basis. That's now known as the "zero-latency" trend. In the context of this new zero-latency corporate environment, there's literally no place or time for courseware or the concept of taking a course (Adkins, 2003). Two enabling technologies that are becoming integrated with these real-time workflow applications are instant messaging (IM) and presence awareness.
First of all, roles should be defined on the basis of the previous process description, which are indispensable for the editorial operation. These typical roles are, for example, chief of service, editor, author, external author, picture editor, graphic artist/ HTML-editor, portal manager. In this, each editorial office uses different terms of roles, which however often are connected with similar tasks. Each role should be described on the basis of its tasks in the editorial process. In