The architect is a person who is responsible for the planning, designing and overseenin construction of a building.Traditionally considered an elitist, with little thought for the poorer sections of the community, the architect's role has undergone a sea change now with housing development projects proliferating in both the urban and rural sectors and strict governmental guidelines. An architect now is often required to make decisions is the interest of the safety and well being of the society, especially so while designing a housing project. The modern architect is a technologist, environmentalist as well as a strategist.
With the increase in housing pressure , there are massive housing projections for the next twenty years in U.K. Property development is a process that involves changing or enhancing the land to produce buildings for occupation. It is a complex activity involving various agencies and using scarce resources. The architect plays a crucial role in the housing development process with tremendous responsibilities and key relationship with the other actors. While executing his responsibilities, he has to take into account various factors ranging from the needs of the occupier to the possible objections from the local people which can cause delays or even result in the abandonment of the project.
As the architect is primarily a technologist who also contributes to the business strategy, he uses his expertise in the technical field to define the technical strategy of the development project. He should prepare design briefs for all the residential allocations, without forgetting optimum quality. In their book, "Property Development", David Cadman and Rosalyn Topping divide the main stages of the development process into nine main parts. These are Initiation, Evaluation, Acquisition, Design and costing, Permission, Commitment. Implementation and Disposal. (Cadman and Topping 2) The role of the architect hinges on understanding the requirements of the various actors besides formulating a design which meets their different requirements.He makes sure that the developers are able to realize their goals and the end product is compliant with the agreed plan.
According to Cadman, "Property development is more than bricks and mortar" (Cadman and Topping 2 ) It involves sustainable residential development with good design which can be used by all sections of the populace including the children and the elderly and disabled. Architects should make such internal designs that meets the needs of the residents as well as the visitors.
The architect needs to understand the building and operational codes and ensure that his design conforms to them. He must not omit any necessary requirement , and his design must be well thought out and unambiguous. He must be knowledgeable about the various methods followed by the builders to build the housing project, so that he can give the occupier the best possible result within the cost.
The main actors in a housing development project are the land owner, the financial institutions, the building contractors, and the objectors . One of the main jobs of the architect is to communicate with the principle actors and make them understand his vision. The principle actors need to know how the project meets their requirements, and it is the job of the