Presently the world is going through the global warming phase; the cause has been attributed to increasing green house gases from industrial, commercial and various other residential activities. Goodall (2007:3) mentions that fewer people know the details regarding the amount of carbon dioxide are generated in their day to day activities. It is further mentioned that only air travels, each person travelling by air is responsible for 12.5 tonnes of greenhouse gases per year in United Kingdom. It is important to mention that half of the total carbon emissions results from the way in which we live i.e. running our homes and getting from place to place in car or plane. Bergman et al (2007) states that household ownership of electronics, such as televisions, domestic IT and other gadgets has increased rapidly and expected to continue to rise over the next years making the consumer electronics, the biggest single sector of home electricity consumption. And moreover, the number of households is increasing with the increased growth in population year by year causing an increased environmental burden and introducing social sustainability issues. ...
The present paper looks into the policies adopted by United Kingdom to reduce the carbon emissions the residential sector by providing carbon free homes as stipulated in their Code for Sustainable Homes.
Code for Sustainable Homes - Why
According to the report for World Business Summit on Climate Change at Copenhagen (2009) business has a critical role to play in financing, developing and deploying low carbon solutions and is expected to provide bulk of the investment required in transition to a low carbon economy. Further the mechanisms and regulations designed by the governments, whether carbon markets, public private partnerships, standards or taxes should be designed to promote business engagement on climate change. The summit agreed to reduce the carbon emission in various areas and increase the energy efficiency which can help in reducing 34% carbon emissions. The White Paper on UK Low Carbon Transition Plan (2009) reported that the average global temperature may rise up to 6O C by the end of the present century if the emission of greenhouse gases are not reduced below today's level. The property sector is becoming more aware of the need to reduce exposure to environmental risk. The impact of the construction process and the associated impact from materials extraction and manufacture in terms of energy and resource use or levels of emissions on global conditions could be identified as a major 'indirect' environmental hazard. It is pertinent to mention here that though the main source of the carbon greenhouse gases is the burning fossil fuels for energy, a reduction in the energy level is required in manufacturing sector. The release of