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Policy and Planning - Essay Example

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Policy and Planning

This is because the industry is highly sensitive to improper decisions and hence the decision making process must be thorough and predictable. This essay seeks to investigate the role of stakeholder and managers in this industry and the challenges they face during their engagement in the various stages of the development planning process. Stakeholder’s roles in tourism development planning and current challenges facing different stakeholders groups One crucial stakeholder in the tourism industry is the local people who reside in the tourist attraction sites (Fennell, 2001, p. 405). The local people influence the level of acceptability of a project, the efficiency of resource mobilization and hence the effectiveness of any development plans. In the planning stage, they play a key role during the initial research process by providing relevant information regarding the environmental facts within the interesting site (Ozbey, 2002, Para. 2). This information can be used to forecast the challenges that are likely to crop up during the implementation stage. This will help the management to anticipate and plan adequate mitigation measures against the foreseen challenges. Therefore, cooperation of the local people determines the eventual success of tourism project short and long term goals. ...
33). In the second stage, it is necessary to define both short term and long term goals and objectives of the entire process and to evaluate their feasibility. After this point, it is wise to consider the

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best alternative project that satisfies the stated goals and objectives. This will ensure only the best tourism project is selected and forwarded for the implementation process. After implementation, it is important to track, monitor, evaluate and correct the various activities in order to align the plan with the laid goals and objectives. There are numerous approaches that can be employed during the planning stage though various countries emphasized on specific approaches. Integrative planning has garnered a lot of interest to many managers due to the advantages that are associated with it. Sustainable tourism development requires that the social, economic and environmental benefits expect from the projects be balanced to avoid the cost that may be paid if one is neglected (Andriotis, 2005, p. 12). The integrated planning process requires that all the stakeholders be engaged in the planning stage to ensure that the welfare of each beneficiary is accounted for before the implementation process (Dredge & Moore, 2000, p. 15). The tourism project must achieve its economic goal, while ensuring safety in the environment and taking care of the welfare of the community surrounding the tourism niche. Hall (2008, p. 76) argues that a strategic and integrated tourism planning maintains harmony among the stakeholders, which is critical for the maturation of the project. Spatial planning requires that proper mechanisms are defined in the planning stage to

Summary

Tourism Name: Course: Tutor: College: Date: Introduction Tourism forms the backbone of a country’s economic, social-cultural and environmental goals for the sustainable development of a country. The success of tourism is highly dependent on proper planning and effective development strategies that would be sustainable both in the short and long term…
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Policy and Planning essay example
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