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Explain the Differences between Mass Tourism and Alternative Tourism and Discuss the Extent to which each Can Benefit Local Comm
Pages 8 (2008 words)
MASS TOURISM AND ALTERNATIVE TOURISM Tourism results in both positive and negative impacts on the destination region. To remove negative effects, it is essential that policy making and planning should be done effectively. Tourism has the potential to increase the economic, social, cultural and environmental life of a country.
Mass tourism refers to an uncontrolled type of tourism, where tourists use up non-renewable natural resources. The adverse consequences are caused by “overpopulated, inundated resorts, and social problems with tourists confined to their golden ghettos and locals to their impoverished conditions” (Encyclopedia of Tourism 2000: 20). The excesses of mass tourism culminated in the development of alternative tourism based on ethical, ideological and political principles, with dynamic and innovative solutions for situations having dangerous implications for the future. Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the differences between mass and alternative tourism, and whether each can benefit local communities. National resources including culture and heritage are the main assets of tourism; hence social and environmental well-being are considered to be more important than economic well-being. Mass tourism is mainstream, and the authorities have been considering whether alternative forms of tourism would be more sustainable than mass tourism. “Ecotourism, particularly community-based ecotourism, is becoming the mainstay of alternative tourism development in less developed countries (LDCs)” (Hashimoto 2002: 83). ...
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