Understanding and interpreting the concept of dark tourism remains limited despite the increasing academic attention directed towards the field, especially from a consumption viewpoint. In other words, the current literature focuses mainly on supply of dark tourism; however,…
The paper further proposes a dark tourism consumption model within a thanatological framework as the foundation for further empirical and theoretical interpretation and analysis of dark tourism (DeSpelder and Strickland, 2002:97).
The experience of and travel to places associated with genocide and death is not a new concept in the tourism world. For centuries now, people have been long attracted, purposefully or other, towards events or sites linked with suffering, death, disaster, or violence (Byock, 2002:283). Consider the Roman gladiatorial games, attendance, or pilgrimage at medieval public executions were the early forms of death-related tourism, while the first guided tour in England was a trip to witness the hanging of two convicted murders (Deak, 2001:112). Similarly, other authors note that visits to morgue became a regular feature in the nineteenth century tourism in Paris probably a precursor to the ‘Bodyworlds’ exhibitions in Tokyo, London, and other places, which have attracted tens of thousands of visitors since the late twentieth century (Bodyworlds, 2006). Some scholars suggest that destinations or sites associated with war constitute the largest category of the world’s tourist attractions, yet war-related attractions are a subset of the total tourist sites associated with suffering and death.
Reference is often made to specific destinations and sites such as Auschwitz-Birkenau, or to the forms of tourism, such as atrocities, graveyards, prisons, slavery-heritage tourism, or the holocaust. Nonetheless, this is the diversity associated with death-related attractions from the Vienna’s Funeral Museum for the ‘famous’ deaths or the Dracula Experience in the UK, or other major disasters such as Ground Zero (Bly, 2003). This implicitly implies that a full categorization is extremely complex. Interestingly, only recently did the academic attention focus upon dark tourism, despite the increasing contemporary evidence and long history of ...
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(The Death Camps of Europe: History, Heritage & Dark Tourism Essay - 1)
“The Death Camps of Europe: History, Heritage & Dark Tourism Essay - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/tourism/508415-the-death-camps-of-europe-history-heritage-dark-tourism-interpretation.
In the past days people went for here and there in searching for food, water and acquirement of resources. But after that the ideas of pleasure and relaxation are associated to the motivation of travelling. In the recent days people choose to travel for gaining knowledge (Tourism, n.d.).
Heritage tourism involves visitors moving to places, largely motivated by curiosity and fantasies associated with the past of the place, region, activity, or people (Williams, 2009, p.243). Production and consumption of heritage tourism in terms of memories of war, disaster, and battle sites constitutes an evolving modern phenomenon known as dark tourism, which is gaining interest among tourists and scholars.
However, Bowen and Clarke (2007) noted that heritage tourism includes any kind of intergeneration relationship that is transferred from one generation to the next. This could include traumatic events occurring in a particular historical era and transferred to succeeding generations.
The small tourism enterprises happen to be among the major stakeholders in heritage tourism. There are several management issues that range from decision-making, knowledge management and transfer that affect their participation in heritage tourism. The survival of such enterprises highly depends on the awareness of their potential clients.
There are around 1800 museums around in the world today and half of them had been started after 1971 is sufficient attestation of the hectic activity. Such frenzied pursuit is indeed curious and the raison d'tre has been variously interpreted.
Tourism as a subject of serious academic enquiry is a fairly recent phenomenon.
The author states that these times were are now known by various names originally being the middle ages, and since they included lots of ignorance and turbulence on the social level they were termed as days of darkness, this is also called the age of feudalism, medieval era, and age of darkness.
Experts have explored all variables to seek the motivation of such travel. What could be the force fueling visits to these “horrible” centers? People often have a fascination to issues involving disaster and death (Yuill 2003, 20).
In other words, that it exists and that it seems to have a fairly sticky following is not an indication of its ethics. If this were so, then there would be no debate relating to the practice of states executing people too. But obviously, the latter is a hot topic of debate on the ethics of the death penalty.