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Pages 20 (5020 words)
Tourism industry has been growing in Thailand exponentially in the last decade. UNWTO has observed that tourism will continue to flourish in the developing countries in the foreseeable future. Statistics suggests that Thailand is one amongst world’s 50 developing countries with tourism as the primary industry sourcing foreign exchange (Lacher and Nepal , 2010)…
A major contributor to Thailand in terms of tourists is Malaysia which amounted up to approximately 12 percent in the year 2005 (Sriboonjit et al 2010). A major setback for the tourism industry of Thailand happened in 2004 as Indian Ocean Tsunami caused massive destruction in Thailand’s coast. This was caused by an earthquake in the region which recorded 9.0 in the Richter Scale. This is supposed to be the fourth largest earthquake in the history of the world. It has been recorded that waves even up to a height of 13 meters were formed in the coasts of Phang Nga (Lukkunaprasit and Ruangrassamee, 2008). More than 5300 people were killed and reports confirmed more than 250000 fatalities. This is considered to be the worst of all tsunamis in terms of the destruction it caused. The natural disaster along with affecting the socio economic equilibrium of Thailand, largely affected the tourism industry of the country. The damage was not limited to the infrastructural loss but it had multiplying effect on the tourism arrival and the safety concerns of the tourists. The vulnerability of tourism as an economic and social system has been largely highlighted by the impacts of the disaster (Calgaro and Lloyd, 2008).. The coastal communities which were dependent on tourism were largely affected. ...
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