Time Focus (Monochromic and Polychromic): Monochromic culture means the people doing one thing at a time. They value a certain sense and orderliness of there being on correct place and time for everything. There is no value interruption. In Spain and Poland, monochromic culture gives control on the situations by professional managers, bureaucratic structure, time management, technology etc. concentrating on time and efficiency and planning and schedule for the productivity. They believe that professional and personal lives are separate. They live to work, not work to live. Their privacy and private property are used to maximum yield. They improve their productivity efficiency in their property. “Soundproof, private offices to minimize work distractions and shut people out. Careerism and workaholism as the main source of self-identity” (Cultural Characteristics and Classifications 2011). They also believe in careerism and workaholism as the main source of self-identity. For business people, in monochromic culture, schedules and punctuality are very important. Time schedule and deadlines are tend to be rigid and monochromic people’s meetings are interrupted very rarely. Poland generally follows monochromic culture. But in the case of polychromic culture, people do multiple things at a time. “People and relationships are more important, in this culture; schedules and deadlines tend to be quite flexible and meetings are frequently interrupted” (Gesteland 1999). Here, people use time to relax and enjoyments. Because they believe in live to work and not work to live. They do changes in plans according to the business needs and environments. These people are fatalistic believers. External environment will control the human events. They give more than one priority for a time. Spain and other many Latin American and Asian countries are followers of polychromic culture. Time orientations: (past, present and future) The time orientation in a culture means the thinking about past, present and future. It talks about how a culture values time and how they can control believes of people. The past-oriented culture is concerned with old or traditional values and follows traditional ways to do things. They look conservative in management and make no changes in thing that are tied to the past. “Present-oriented societies include the rest of the Spanish-speaking Latin American countries. They see the past as passed and the future as uncertain. They prefer short-term benefits. Future-oriented societies have a great deal of optimism about the future. They think they understand it and can shape it through their actions. They view management as a matter of planning, doing and controlling (as opposed to going with the flow, letting things happen)” (Differences in Cultures n.d.). The U.S and Brazil are future-oriented countries. Power: Hierarchy and Equality: Hierarchy: A characteristic feature of the Poland economy is the commitment and the participation of the people in the countries day to day affair. The Poland is a patriotic nation with the well-built invasions from the various countries; they uphold a good cultural identity, where they had an established autonomy. Usually it is seen that the administration functioning hours are from 8 am to 4 pm and there are frequent international businesses and company that utilize foreign staff in a more western move toward long working
Cross Cultural Management Introduction: In the global scenario, cross cultural management is a subject to discuss world wide. Because, people from different countries have different culture. So, Spain and Poland are having different cultural background. People’s behavior, attitude, activities, believes etc are may different…
The following paper will highlight all such forces, which may guide expatriates towards an effective cross-cultural management away from Australia. The shortage of skilled labor in the country due to an ever-increasing demand for industry and service has lead to the labor in Singapore to demand higher wages as well as better working conditions including those that allow labor to grow and develop their work related skills (Kusluvan, 2011).
Unlike many ethnic communities around the world, Japanese immigration only began to flourish around the 1980s. The reasons for this are multiple. The first of these relates to the fact that Australia had a ban on non-European immigration prior to the mid 1960s.
Cross cultural management (CCM) is defined by Soderberg and Holden (2002) as the discipline of international management that focuses on encounters of a cultural nature that occur between homogeneous and well-defined entities (such as between two distinct countries, ethnic groups, races, etc.).
Both the countries are different in term of their weather condition, economy, culture, tradition, mannerism, etc. It has been noticed that even after possessing the required skill-set, managers are not able to adjust in different countries. This is not because the country or its culture is not suitable for stay, but because the individual does not have knowledge or information regarding the cross cultural aspects to be considered.
Organizations located in countries such as America, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia and Japan are welcoming individuals endowed with competitive skills. On the other hand multi-national companies are
The shortage of skilled labor in the country due to an ever-increasing demand for industry and service has lead to the labor in Singapore to demand higher wages as well as better working conditions including those
They expect to get familiar with the person first, before embarking on to their business. Business in most cases is usually discussed at the second or third meeting (Goodwin et al, 1999 p267).
In the Malaysian culture, trust is more
The major challenge is usually in overcoming cross cultural differences. As a large telecommunication, to be successful in our plans of expanding to international markets, we will have to understand and effectively deal with the issue of cultural differences
12 pages (3000 words)Essay
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you an essay for FREE
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org