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Heritage Tourism in Cities
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Introduction Turnbridge and Ashworth (1996, p53) define heritage as “an inheritance or legacy that is transmitted from one generation to the next”. Since time immemorial, heritage has been used to mean a legal inheritance that an individual is entitled to from the will of a deceased.
However, every heritage contains real, underlying or symbolic importance that plays a critical role in terming its perception in society. This paper examines dark tourism, focusing on marketing and interpretation of House of Terror Museum in Hungary, a traumatic site as touring sites in the contemporary society. Smith and Robinson (2006, p105) defined heritage tourism as “leisure expeditions with the major objective of touring historic, natural, recreational and scenic sceneries to learn more about the past”. Dark tourism is one component of heritage tourism and it involves “visiting places associated with death, suffering and tragedy” (Cooper, et al 2008, p49). Heritage tourism is founded on the motivations and perceptions of the consumers or tourists rather than the particular characteristics that define the destination. According to Smith and Robinson (2006), the major motivation for touring heritage sites is the uniqueness of the tourism destination in relation to the tourists’ awareness or perception of their own heritage. Heritage tourism to a site with dark history evokes various emotions such as nostalgia, idealism, and a feeling of belonging in the time and space (Foley and Lennon1996). Stone (2006) argues that heritage tourism is both unique and universal, because it presents a heritage for all people at a given time. ...
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