An essay "Ways of Seeing: An Introduction to the Many Issues of Art" outlines that we not only live in a capitalistic society but one in which virtually all its inhabitants are consumers. Consumers purchase commodities. Berger wants to raise the consciousness of viewers of these paintings…
On the pseudo-academic side, Berger isn't making artistic observations as much as social commentary. He gives not-so-subtle hints that have basically a communist and talks about how European Art serves the purposes of the elite (from feudalism to capitalism) to oppress "the majority." There is even an entire chapter talking about art oppressing women. People often look down upon the objectification of women in advertising, and how we regularly degrade women for the pleasure of a few, treating women as objects or bodies only. But then we look back on the nudes of the Renaissance or other periods and think, how beautifully made! This is truly art, after all, and not the same moral level as an underwear ad or porn. Berger destroys these myths. Yes, Rembrandt's nudes are much more artistically done than anything in advertising, but Berger shows a convincing link between the treatment of women in the art of that time and part of this time. If one expands the definition of art in the modern period, the similarities are extraordinary. In Ways of Seeing Berger carefully traces how art has been used as a method of control, in general, and towards women in particular. How those beautiful nudes we now see in museums were usually in wealthy men's private collections where only they could observe them- much as Playboy is today. How even the medium (oil, watercolor, film) changes the way information is forced upon us and control is asserted. It is illuminating to see an ad that obviously objectifies women, and then to see the exact same picture next to it, but of a famous oil painting that the ad was based on. Ways of seeing have some interesting ideas but without thoughtful coherent expansion. It had some insights, but overall, I found myself quite disappointed by it. ...
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From an array of tools of art, Berger has mainly used photographs; paints; canvas etc to help the readers understand how these objects mainly only supplement what the eyes see. These materials are made use of in order to reflect the status of thoughts of the artist to the audience so that they may understand the motives behind the particular piece of art.
The art of block printing dates back to the ninth century. The first block prints were used in game cards in Europe, which printed images from manuscripts (Smith, n.d.; James, Corrigan, Enshian, & Greca, 1997). b. In which country was this method of printing first used?
Berger is intent to challenge ways of looking at art and other images that ignore the status of works of art as commodities. He completely re-shifts the readers understanding of art. It is about art philosophy, but much more than that, how we understand the nature of art, and how it relates to our cultures and societies.
failed to temper the discussion regarding the renowned artist who seemed equally at ease photographing flowers and celebrities as he did men in various and highly controversial stages of erotic display. In 1986, he published The Black Book, a selection of his many idealized and
It can be produced for a mass audience and has art de-mystification as the central or core aim. Mass audience is possible since it is also present in film form. The paper will lucidly describe and analyze chapter three of
As the study, Ways of Seeing, stresses this book talks about old master’s painting reproduction outdo the work of art in the Age of Mechanical reproduction. In addition, the book also talks about nude female whose desire not only depicts a woman as herself but also as a subject of male idealization or desire.
Up to now, art does not improve because people remain the same; they have the same hopes and fears as human beings, so art does not improve because humans have not improved in their innermost desires.
In a short paragraph explain:
The standard of value set in a society enable people to evaluate objects, relations, and diverse phenomena only due to their prior knowledge and preset belief (Berger, 8). For instance, according to his first stance seeing an object does not solely develop
This paper discusses contemporary art history and how it engages with such questions as class, power, culture, gender, sexuality, ethnicity or, creed. Art involves an expression, which can also be an application, of creative skill and imagination especially through a visual medium. People have treated such works in more different way each fielding.
There has to be value assigned to it which must be matched for anyone interested in art to own it. This is why someone can purchase a piece of artwork, keep it in a bank waiting for it to appreciate in value only to sell it later on at a more expensive price.
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