The essay "David's the Death of Socrates and Baxandall The period eye" discovers David's painting called The Death of Socrates and the article of Baxandall called The period eye. In the middle of a group there is a man emotionally telling something to them. His right arm is raised in an argumentative gesture. His left arm is leisurely reaching for a golden cup, held by a young man in red. What is happening in the picture? Is this man telling them about the death of Socrates, which makes them mourn so much? Or is it Socrates himself? Then why is he still alive? People acquainted with Socrates’ story understand that the scene takes place in a prison and that Socrates, sentenced to death, is to drink a cup of hemlock. The philosopher is sitting on the couch in the middle of the canvass surrounded by his friends and disciplines, all of them crying and grieving. Loyal to his ideas of the immortality of human soul, Socrates has decisively and calmly chosen death. He continues teaching his disciplines till his last breath. At the moment he is pronouncing his final words, reaching for a cup without looking at it, as if death is a casual and trivial event in his life. This interpretation can be done only by people, who have heard of Socrates story. However, there are still many questions to be answered. Why did the painter choose this plot for his work? What was his message? Why did he depict the scene in exactly this way? There is only one thing we may say for sure: the picture must have expressed.
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The essay matches David's painting called The Death of Socrates and the article of Baxandall called The period eye. The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David (1787) is one of the painter’s early productions. The painting is obviously considered a great work of art…
Accordingly, it is difficult to distinguish between what Plato’s Socrates (as a character) had to say and what the real Socrates (as a living person) had to say about issues addressed through Plato’s dialogues. Socrates himself lived in Athens during an important time in that city’s history, namely after its defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War.
Lots are cast to determine the jurors (the dikasts). As indicated by Xenophon and Plato, since the majority of dikasts voted in favor of Socrates’ conviction, the dikasts cast another vote to determine the form of punishment that is to be meted out on Socrates.
Literally, this is evident from their “light” evaluation indicating images of prominent people though dead but their contribution in their respective societies is unsurpassed (Bietoletti 70). The two works though done by diverse artists to fulfill their intentions, they do share same stylistic techniques in conveying their intended messages to the audiences.
Socratic dialogues criticized practices of the society, and it appeared that Socrates pretended to undermine undoubtful opinions of his students. On the other hand, Socrates and Cicero imposed different arguments to provide an understanding on the subject of justice.
The King agreed and decided that there was a case to be had against Socrates, summoning him to appear before a jury of Athenian citizens, to answer the charges. This Athenian jury was "very large, in this case 501 and they combined the duties of jury and judgeby both convicting and sentencing" (Plato 20).
Cratylus believes that the form and the meaning of a word are inseparable while Hermogenes, on the other hand, refuses to maintain a relationship between a name’s form and meaning Hoenisch (2005). Socrates, after