The masterpieces of these two painters we have taken are “Napoleon in Egypt,” and “Gypsy with Cigarette.” Before discussing the two masterpieces of these painters from two movements, it is necessary to understand the background of these two movements.
The period of Romanticism has the element of heroism. This heroic element was combined with revolutionary idealism to produce a style. The painting called “Napoleon in Egypt,” has the qualities of a typical romantic movement painting. Impressionism or impressionist movement started first in France at the end of 19th Century. The major concern of impressionists was the effect of light on an object rather than the exact presentation of the form. Vivid colours were basically used than the dull or dark colours. This movement is also known as optical realism as it focuses on actual visual experience and effect of light and movement on appearance of object.
Middle East and Northern Africa had been the centre of attraction for many artists from romantic era. The artists such as Delacroix, Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824–1904), Théodore Chassériau (1819–1856), Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps (1803–1860), and William Holman Hunt (1827–1910), travelled to the near East such as Egypt, and other Arab countries. Orientalist painting was the popular form of art and painting in the nineteenth century and it was greatly influenced by artists direct experience of everyday life in Cairo and other Near Eastern cities and settlements. The genre of the painting is associated with heroism. Jean-Léon Gérôme was a French painter as well as sculptor. He strongly opposed the movement of impressionism started by Monet and Manet. He continued to cherish and develop the French Neo-classicism. Like other artists in 19th century Jean- Léon Gérôme had attracted towards East. Somewhere the superiority complex of the Western painters