Thus, it becomes necessary to classify movies into certain categories so that the audience can be guided as to which movie is suitable for viewing by a specific group of individuals. In this context, it is relevant that viewing of inappropriate content, especially scenes depicting graphic sex or violence, frightening images and coarse language etc can negatively impact children who are in the developmental stage.
Young children as well as teenagers also have a tendency to try or imitate what they view on the movie or TV screens. Besides, they also lack the maturity and intellectual as well as psychological faculties to take informed decisions about what is proper or distinguish the real from what they view on the screen. Therefore, from a sociological perspective, it becomes the responsibility of not only the parents but also the society and governments to ensure that art forms do not expose children and teenagers to inappropriate content. Thus, movie rating or classification has come into practice, with a view to “help parents to protect children and teenagers from inappropriate contents” (Rating the Movies 2010). This system, practiced in all countries across the globe, seems to be effective in guiding the parents to decide which films their children should see or should not see.
In the earlier days, prior to the establishment of a specific agency, film censorship was handled by local authorities. The main drawback of this system was the absence of any unified or standard norms to regulate the screening of movies. Therefore, a general need was felt to implement a standard procedure for classifying the movies being produced in Britain, through a single regulatory authority. Thus, the film industry of Britain instituted the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) in 1912, as an “independent, self financing not for profit media content regulator” (Mission